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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Association between serum non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and cognitive impairment in patients with acute ischemic stroke

Variables Normal non-HDL-C (n = 253) High non-HDL-C (n = 472) P
Gender, n (%)
 M 192 (75.9) 336 (71.2) 0.175
 F 61 (24.1) 136 (28.8)
Age (years) 63.1 ± 11.9 62.2 ± 10.8 0.289
BMI (kg/m2) 24.6 ± 3.4 25.3 ± 3.3 0.009
Years of education (years) 9.2 ± 4.3 9.1 ± 3.9 0.788
Hypertension, n (%) 167 (66.0) 317 (67.2) 0.753
Diabetes, n (%) 58 (22.9) 101 (21.4) 0.636
Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, n (%) 43 (17.0) 88 (18.6) 0.583
Smoking history, n (%) 90 (35.6) 168 (35.6) 0.996
Drinking history, n (%) 67 (26.5) 122 (25.9) 0.853
Family history of dementia, n (%) 10 (4.0) 19 (4.0) 0.962
Stroke history, n (%) 94 (37.2) 151 (32.0) 0.161
Non-HDL-C (mmol/l) 2.77 ± 0.46 4.40 ± 0.86 <0.001
TC (mmol/l) 3.86 ± 0.52 5.54 ± 0.88 <0.001
TG (mmol/l) 1.27 ± 0.56 1.95 ± 0.31 <0.001
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.08 ± 0.26 1.13 ± 0.25 0.027
LDL-C (mmol/l) 2.16 ± 0.46 3.39 ± 0.80 <0.001
HCY (mmol/l) 14.28 ± 2.01 16.02 ± 3.80 0.044
hsCRP (mg/l) 4.35 ± 0.78 4.47 ± 1.97 0.895
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 6.05 ± 2.06 6.44 ± 2.66 0.041
HbA1c (%) 6.52 ± 1.17 6.80 ± 1.32 0.013
TACI/PACI, n (%) 167 (66.0) 309 (65.5) 0.264
POCI, n (%) 67 (26.5) 111 (23.5)
LACI, n (%) 19 (7.5) 52 (11.0)
  1. BMI body mass index, non-HDL-C non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HCY homocysteine, hsCRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin, TACI total anterior circulation infarction, PACI partial anterior circulation infarction, POCI posterior circulation infarction, LACI lacunar circulation infarction