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Table 1 Outcome at leaving hospital in patients treated as bacterial meningitis at teaching hospitals in Ethiopia, 2011–2015

From: Adjunctive dexamethasone therapy in unconfirmed bacterial meningitis in resource limited settings: is it a risk worth taking?

Characteristics All patients Adjuvant dexamethasone No dexamethasone
Status at leaving hospital (N = 425), n (%)
 Discharged 277 (65.2) 125 (58.4) 152 (72.0)
 Left against medical advice 57 (13.4) 26 (12.1) 31 (14.7)
 Referred 5 (1.2) 1 (0.5) 4 (1.9)
 Died 86 (20.2) 62 (29.0) 24 (11.4)
Discharge condition of survivors (N = 339), n (%)
 Complete recovery 230 (67.9) 98 (64.5) 132 (70.6)
 Some improvement 78 (23.0) 41 (27.0) 37 (19.8)
 The same as admission 31 (9.1) 13 (8.6) 18 (9.6)
GOS (N = 425), n (%)
 1 86 (20.2) 62 (29.0) 24 (11.4)
 2 22 (5.2) 9 (4.2) 13 (6.2)
 3 9 (2.1) 5 (2.3) 4 (1.9)
 4 39 (9.2) 26 (12.1) 13 (6.2)
 5 269 (63.3) 112 (52.3) 157 (74.4)
Neurologic sequelae (N = 38 a), n (%)
 Low GCS 18 (47.4) 5 (27.8) 13 (59.1)
 Hemiparesis 8 (21.1) 4 (22.2) 4 (18.2)
 Seizure 9 (23.7) 6 (33.3) 3 (13.6)
 Paraparesis 3 (7.9) 3 (16.7) 0
 Cranial nerve palsy 2 (5.3) 0 2 (9.1)
Length of hospital stay in days, mean (SD)
 Total 8.9 (6.4) 8.8 (7.0) 9 (5.8)
 Discharged patients 11.0 (6.6)   
 LAMA 6.1 (3.7)
 Referred 7.4 (5.2)
 Died 4.0 (3.4)
  1. GOS Glasgow outcome scale, LAMA left against medical advice
  2. a2 Patients had multiple complications