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Table 2 Factors independently associated with poor outcomes at leaving hospital in patients treated as bacterial meningitis at teaching hospitals in Ethiopia, 2011–2015

From: Adjunctive dexamethasone therapy in unconfirmed bacterial meningitis in resource limited settings: is it a risk worth taking?

Variable AOR 95 % CI P-value
Death
 Level of consciousness at presentation (for a point increase in GCS) 0.79 0.73–0.85 <0.001
 Dexamethasone treatment 3.38 1.87–6.12 <0.001
 Aspiration pneumonia at presentation 2.97 1.36–6.41 0.006
 Cranial nerve palsy at presentation 4.73 1.45–15.50 0.010
Unfavorable outcome (GOS = 1–4)
 Level of consciousness at presentation (for a point increase in GCS) 0.77 0.66–0.89 <0.001
 Dexamethasone treatment 4.46 1.98–10.08 <0.001
 TB suspected cases 2.78 1.06–7.30 0.038
Neurologic sequelae
 Focal neurologic deficit at presentation 3.33 1.31–8.50 0.012
 Seizure at presentation 2.20 1.03–4.67 0.041
 Duration of illness before presentation 1.09 1.01–1.16 0.020
 Impaired consciousness (GCS < 15) 2.65 1.21–5.81 0.015
  1. This table presents output of Forward logistic regression analysis