Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient population

From: Predictive value of the Status Epilepticus Severity Score (STESS) and its components for long-term survival

Characteristics Total cohort Non-survivors Survivors P-value
n = 125 (%) n = 58 (42 %) n = 67 (58 %)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 64 (51) 36 (62) 28 (42) 0.02*
 Female 61 (49) 22 (38) 29 (58)  
Age, year (mean ± SD) 62.9 ± 17.5 69.8 ± 15.7 56.9 ± 16.8 <0.01§
SE aetiology grouped according to the international League Against Epilepsy, n (%)
 Acute symptomatic seizures 48 (38) 27 (46) 21 (31) 0.16*
 Remote symptomatic unprovoked seizures 26 (21) 9 (16) 16 (24)  
 Symptomatic seizures due to progressive CNS disorders 4 (3) 3 (5) 1 (2)  
 Unprovoked seizures of unknown aetiology 47 (38) 19 (33) 29 (43)  
Refractory SE 49 (39) 29 (50) 20 (30) 0.02*
Seizure termination, n (%) 118 (94) 51 (88) 67 (100) 0.003#
Narcosis 27 (22) 15 (26) 12 (18) 0.28*
STESS at onset of SE, n (%)
 Level of consciousness
  Awake/somnolent 67 (54) 22 (38) 45 (67) 0.01*
  Stuporous/comatose 58 (46) 36 (62) 22 (33)  
 Worst seizure type
  Simple or complex/absence 69 (55) 14 (24) 23 (34) 0.02*
  Generalized convulsive 37 (30) 28 (48) 41 (61)  
  NCSE in coma 19 (15) 16 (28) 3 (4)  
 Age ≥ 65 years 60 (48) 37 (63) 23 (34) 0.001*
 History of seizures 75 (60) 27 (46) 23 (34) 0.16*
  STESS ≥ 3 64 (51) 46 (79) 18 (27) <0.001
  STESS ≥ 4 82 (66) 55 (95) 27 (40) <0.001
  1. *Chi-square test
  2. #Fisher’s exact test
  3. §t-test