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Table 2 STESS components of survivors and non-survivors

From: Predictive value of the Status Epilepticus Severity Score (STESS) and its components for long-term survival

Analysis of survival at discharge/in-hospital mortality
A. STESS at Onset of SE Survivors (n = 110) Non-survivors (n = 15) Odds Ratio (95 % CI) P-value
Level of consciousness n(%)
 Awake/somnolent 64(58) 3(20) Reference  
 Stuporous/ comatose 46(42) 12(80) 5.6 (1.4–21) 0.006
Worst seizure type n(%)
 Simple or complex/absence 35(32) 2(13) Reference  
 Generalized convulsive 66(60) 3(20) 0.8 (0.1–4.9) 0.80
 NCSE in coma 9(8) 10(67) 19.4 (3.6–104) 0.0001
Age n(%)
 < 65 years 61(55) 4(27) Reference  
 ≥ 65 years 49(45) 11(73) 3.4 (1–11.4) 0.03
History of seizures n(%)
 Prior seizures 71(65) 4(27) Reference  
 No prior seizures 39(35) 11(73) 5.0 (1.5–16.7) 0.005
Analysis of overall survival at end-of-study
B. STESS at Onset of SE Survivors (n = 67) Non-survivors (n = 58) Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value
Level of consciousness. n(%)
 Awake/somnolent 45(67) 22(38) Reference  
 Stuporous/ comatose 22(33) 36(62) 3.4 (1.6–7) 0.001
Worst seizure type. n(%)
 Simple or complex/absence 23(35) 14(24) Reference  
 Generalized convulsive 41(61) 28(48) 1.1 (0.5–2.5) 0.78
 NCSE in coma 3(4) 16(28) 8.7 (2.2–35.6) 0.001
Age. n(%)
 < 65 years 44(66) 21(36) Reference  
 ≥ 65 years 23(34) 37(64) 3.4 (1.6–7) 0.001
History of seizures. n(%)
 Prior seizures 44(66) 31(53) Reference  
 No prior seizures 23(34) 27(47) 1.7 (0.8–3.4) 0.16
Analysis of survival of patients that survived acute SE
C. STESS at Onset of SE Survivors (n = 67) Non-survivors (n = 43) Odds Ratio (95 % CI) P-value
Level of consciousness. n(%)
 Awake/somnolent 45 (67) 19(44) Reference  
 Stuporous/ comatose 22 (33) 2456) 2.6 (1.2–5.7) 0.017
Worst seizure type. n(%)
 Simple or complex/absence 23(34) 12(28) Reference  
 Generalized convulsive 41(63) 25(58) 1.2 (0.5–2.8) 0.72
 NCSE in coma 3(3) 6(14) 3.8 (0.8–18) 0.08
Age. n(%)
 < 65 years 44(66) 17(40 Reference  
 ≥ 65 years 23(34) 26(60) 2.9 (1.3–6.4) 0.007
History of seizures. n(%)
 Prior seizures 44(66) 27(63) Reference  
 No prior seizures 23(34) 16(37) 1.1 (0.5–2.5) 0.76