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Table 3 Standardized cognitive tests and the corresponding domains

From: A profile of The Clinical Course of Cognition and Comorbidity in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia Study (The 4C study): two complementary longitudinal, clinical cohorts in the Netherlands

Cognitive domain(s) Neuropsychological tests
Global cognition Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) [35]
Episodic memory 15-Word Verbal Learning Test (VLT) immediate recall (5 trails), delayed recall and delayed recognition [36]
Implicit associative visual learning Visual Association Test (VAT), short version [37]
Working memory Digit Span subtest (forwards and backwards) of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test (3rd Edition) [38]
Verbal word fluency/semantic memory 60 s animal fluency [39]
Information processing speed Letter Digit Substitution Test (LDST) [40]
Information processing speed, attention and executive functioning/response inhibition Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT) [41]
Information processing speed, attention and executive functioning/concept shifting Trail Making Test (TMT) parts A & B [42]
Visual perception Visual Object and Space Perception battery (VOSP, Optional) Subtests of dot counting and incomplete letters [43]