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Table 1 Clinical demographics, radiological findings, and laboratory findings for the 63 patients included in the study

From: Elevated blood viscosity is associated with cerebral small vessel disease in patients with acute ischemic stroke

  Total (n = 63)
  SAO
(n = 25, 39.7%)
LAA
(n = 23, 36.5%)
CE
(n = 12, 19.0%)
Cryp
(n = 3, 4.8%)
P value
Blood viscosity (mean ± sd)  
 Diastolic blood viscosity, mP 274.7 ± 70.9 214.5 ± 75.9 252.0 ± 57.5 258.9 ± 46.5 0.037*
 Systolic blood viscosity, mP 45.2 ± 16.0 38.1 ± 12.4 40.0 ± 4.9 39.0 ± 4.7 0.273
Clinical findings  
 Age, years (mean ± sd) 62.7 ± 12.9 67.0 ± 15.5 71.2 ± 11.6 63.3 ± 7.5 0.335
 Male, n (%) 19 (76) 13 (57) 7 (58) 2 (67) 0.513
 Hypertension, n (%) 16 (64) 16 (70) 5 (42) 3 (100) 0.207
 Diabetes, n (%) 6 (24) 7 (30) 3 (25) 0 (0) 0.716
 Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 6 (24) 3 (13) 1 (8) 0 (0) 0.484
 Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 9 (75) 0 (0) <0.001
 Smoking, n (%) 14 (56) 8 (35) 2 (17) 0 (0) 0.053
Radiological findings, median (IQR)  
 PVH, Fazekas scale 1 (1–2) 1 (1–2) 1 (1–3) 2 (0–2) 0.872
 DWMH, Fazekas scale 1 (0–1.5) 1 (0–2) 1 (0–2.75) 1 (0–1) 0.834
 Number of chronic lacunes 1 (0–3) 0 (0–2) 1 (0–2.75) 1 (0–2) 0.255
 Number of microbleeds 0 (0–2.5) 0 (0–1) 1 (0–2) 0 (0–2) 0.869
Laboratory findings (mean ± sd)  
 Hemoglobin, g/dL 14.9 ± 1.8 13.9 ± 1.9 13.6 ± 1.7 13.7 ± 1.9 0.129
 Hematocrit, % 43.4 ± 5.2 40.9 ± 5.0 39.8 ± 4.4 40.0 ± 5.0 0.135
 White blood cells, 103/μL 7.2 ± 2.0 7.6 ± 2.9 9.5 ± 3.6 6.8 ± 2.6 0.110
 Platelets, 103/μL 238 ± 56 227 ± 48 233 ± 80 199 ± 40 0.700
 Total protein, gm/dL 7.1 ± 0.5 7.0 ± 0.4 7.2 ± 0.5 7.2 ± 0.1 0.429
 Fibrinogen, mg/dL 323 ± 78 335 ± 71 357 ± 70 215 ± 44 0.099
 D-dimer, μg/dL 0.44 ± 0.32 0.75 ± 0.92 1.51 ± 1.93 0.28 ± 0.10 0.038**
 BUN/Cr ratio 19.0 ± 4.6 23.1 ± 8.2 21.1 ± 5.3 17.3 ± 5.1 0.115
 Total cholesterol, mg/dL 176 ± 36 177 ± 28 155 ± 56 140 ± 32 0.192
 Low-density lipoprotein, mg/dL 109 ± 32 108 ± 22 94 ± 50 80 ± 30 0.319
 Triglycerides, mg/dL 127 ± 61 116 ± 80 70 ± 60 60 ± 35 0.078
  1. Abbreviations: SAO small artery occlusion, LAA large artery atherosclerosis, CE cardioembolism, Cryp cryptogenic stroke, sd standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, PVH periventricular hyperintensity, DWMH deep white matter hyperintensity, BUN/Cr blood urea nitrogen-to-creatinine
  2. *, p = 0.021, SAO vs. LAA in the post-hoc test; **, p = 0.027, SAO vs. CE in the post-hoc test