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Table 2 Effect of insulin analogue on plasma MMP-9 levels

From: Comparison of the perioperative time courses of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and its inhibitor (TIMP-1) during carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA)

  T1 T2 T3 T4
MMP-9 (ng/ml) IA 327.5±33.5 585.3±170.6* 414.6±138.9 509.4±202.1
Non-IA 273.7±26.8  238.3±31.8 359.0±42.9 336.2± 54.3
  1. Data are presented as the mean ± standard error of mean
  2. IA patients who were treated with insulin analogue, non-IA patients who were not treated with insulin analogue, T1 preoperative values, T2 60 min after cross-clamp release/stent insertion, T3 postoperative day 1, T4 postoperative day 3; and
  3. *p < 0.05 compared to non-IA patients