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Table 1 Summary of patients’ clinical statuses. The clinical diagnosis listed in the brackets were obtained 1 month after the experiment

From: A gaze-independent audiovisual brain-computer Interface for detecting awareness of patients with disorders of consciousness

Patient Age Gender Clinical Diagnosis Etiology Time Since Injury (months) CRS-R Score (subscores)
Before the experiment After 1 month
UWS1 34 M UWS (UWS) ABI 2 5 (1–1–1-1-0-1) 5 (1–1–1-1-0-1)
UWS2 55 M UWS (MCS) TBI 5 7 (1–1–2-2-0-1) 9 (1–1–4-2-0-1)
UWS3 41 M UWS (UWS) CVA 1 6 (1–1–1-1-0-2) 7 (1–1–2-1-0-2)
UWS4 48 M UWS (MCS) ABI 3 6 (1–1–2-1-0-1) 12 (1–3–5-1-0-1)
UWS5 22 M UWS (UWS) TBI 18 5 (1–1–1-1-0-1) 5 (1–1–1-1-0-1)
MCS1 53 F MCS (MCS) ABI 3 9 (1–3–2-1-0-2) 9 (1–3–2-1-0-2)
MCS2 37 M MCS (EMCS) TBI 4 8 (1–3–1-1-0-2) 19 (3–5–6-2-1-2)
MCS3 38 M MCS (EMCS) TBI 2 9 (1–3–2-1-0-2) 18 (3–5–6-1-1-2)
  1. ABI anoxic brain injury, CRS-R Coma Recovery Scale-Revised, CVA cerebrovascular accident, and TBI traumatic brain injury, CRS-R subscales auditory, visual, motor, oromotor, communication, and arousal functions