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Table 2 Common medical comorbidities at baseline and selected follow-up in patients with and without BD

From: Treatment patterns and burden of behavioral disturbances in patients with dementia in the United States: a claims database analysis

  Baseline (6-months pre-index date) Selected Follow-up (12 months post-index)
With BD (N = 16,440) Without BD (N = 86,962) P Value With BD (N = 11,440) Without BD (N = 54,516) P Value
Medical Comorbidities (%)
 Hypertension 55.3% 58.0% <  0.001 80.6% 77.7% <  0.001
 Dyslipidemia 23.4% 26.7% <  0.001 41.2% 42.8% 0.001
 Diabetes 24.1% 25.5% <  0.001 30.8% 30.3% 0.332
 Cerebrovascular disease 20.2% 21.0% 0.019 39.7% 34.5% <  0.001
 Urinary tract infection 17.8% 15.4% <  0.001 39.6% 27.2% <  0.001
 Chronic Pulmonary Disease 14.4% 16.3% <  0.001 25.1% 24.1% 0.021
 Congestive Heart Failure 12.9% 13.7% 0.004 23.7% 20.9% <  0.001
 Peripheral vascular disease 8.4% 8.9% 0.068 18.4% 15.6% <  0.001
 Hip fracture and other fractures 10.1% 9.5% 0.024 21.1% 16.0% <  0.001
 Malignancy 8.0% 9.8% <  0.001 11.6% 13.3% <  0.001
 Malnutrition 2.4% 2.0% 0.0004 6.1% 3.8% <  0.001
 Pneumonia 6.8% 7.1% 0.231 17.4% 13.3% <  0.001
Psychiatric Conditions (%)
 Mood disorder 16.7% 13.3% <  0.001 41.6% 25.7% <  0.001
 Depression 16.0% 12.4% <  0.001 40.4% 24.4% <  0.001
 Delirium 6.95% 4.57% <  0.001 21.0% 9.5% <  0.001
 Psychotic disorders 19.0% 12.0% <  0.001 46.7% 21.4% <  0.001
 Psychosis 16.1% 10.1% <  0.001 39.7% 17.8% <  0.001
 Altered Mental State 16.9% 11.4% <  0.001 43.1% 21.6% <  0.001
 Anxiety Disorder 9.1% 7.2% <  0.001 26.1% 14.6% <  0.001
  1. BD behavioral disturbance