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Table 1 Demographic and clinical information of FLE patients

From: Altered structural and causal connectivity in frontal lobe epilepsy

No. Age of onset Duration of epilepsy Interictal EEG Seizure type Medication Family history of epilepsy
1. 16 8 Right; Burst of theta sharp waves; FP2, F4, F8 SGTCS CBZ/PIR Brother
2. 12 10 Bilateral; Sparse sharp-slow waves; FP1, FP2, F3, F4, F8 SPS TPM Sister
3. 38 3 Left; Sparse sharp waves; F7, T3 SPS TPM/OXC/TCM
4. 16 7 Bilateral; Burst of sharp-slow waves; FP2, C3, F3, F4, F8, CPS LTG
5. 11 4 Bilateral; Burst of sharp waves; C3, F7, F4, F8 SPS * Brother
6. 10 16 Right; Sparse sharp waves; F4, F8 CPS VPM/PIR
7. 3 11 Bilateral; Sparse sharp waves; FP2, F7, T3 CPS CBZ/GAS Sister
8. 7 11 Bilateral; Sparse sharp waves; FP2, F7, F8, T3 SPS TPM/OXC
9. 18 14 Bilateral; Sparse sharp waves; FP1, F7, T3, F8 CPS VPA
10. 10 4 Right; Sparse sharp and sharp-slow waves; FP2, F4, C4 SPS OXC/PIR Brother
11. 13 10 Bilateral; Sparse sharp waves; FP2, F4, F7, F3 SGTCS VPM/PIR
12. 7 11 Right; Sparse sharp waves; F4, F8 CPS LEV
13. 8 17 Right; Burst of sharp waves; F4, F8, T4 SPS CBZ
14. 12 9 Left; Sparse sharp-slow waves; FP1, F3 SPS CBZ/TCM
15. 18 10 Bilateral; Burst of sharp-slow waves; FP1, FP2, F3, F4, F8 SGTCS VPM/OXC
16. 11 3 Left; Sparse sharp-slow waves; FP1, F3 CPS OXC/TCM
17. 3 28 Right; Sparse sharp waves; FP2, F4 CPS VPA/TPM Sister
18. 51 0.5 Left; Sparse sharp waves; F3, F7, T3 SGTCS **
19. 10 9 Bilateral; Sparse sharp waves; FP1, FP2, F4, F7 CPS VPA Sister
  1. VPA: valproic acid; VPM: valpromide; LTG: lamotrigine; CBZ: carbamazepine; TPM: topiramate; PIR: piracetam; OXC: oxcarbazepine; LEV: levetiracetam; GAS: gastrodin; TCM: traditional Chinese medicine; CPS: complex partial seizure; SPS: simple partial seizure; SGTCS: secondary generalized tonic-clonic seizure; *: has no medication for about 2 months; **: drug-naive; M: male; F: female