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Table 2 Descriptive and inferential statistics for analysis of outcome measures

From: Intermittent theta burst stimulation enhances upper limb motor function in patients with chronic stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Variables Pre-treatment Post-treatment ANCOVA
  iTBS (n = 11) Control (n = 11) p value (t test) iTBS (n = 11) Control (n = 11) F1,19 p value Effect size η2
MAS-UE 3.90 ± 2.10 4.05 ± 1.56 0.861 3.30 ± 1.98 4.29 ± 1.44 5.8 0.014* 0.233
FMA-UE 33.33 ± 19.80 30.03 ± 22.11 0.732 34.65 ± 19.80 27.06 ± 20.79 3.4 0.046* 0.151
ARAT 18.62 ± 19.38 16.72 ± 22.8 0.834 23.18 ± 20.71 13.3 ± 19.95 16.3 0.001† 0.460
 Gross movement 9.06 ± 7.08 7.98 ± 6.48 0.708 10.02 ± 6.60 6.72 ± 6.18 2.1 0.083 0.099
 Grasp 4.00 ± 4.48 3.52 ± 5.28 0.819 4.60 ± 4.96 2.68 ± 4.72 7.6 0.006† 0.286
 Grip 4.80 ± 7.08 5.58 ± 7.86 0.800 6.42 ± 7.20 5.04 ± 7.38 3.7 0.035* 0.163
 Pinch 2.46 ± 3.39 1.86 ± 3.51 0.692 3.51 ± 3.21 1.26 ± 2.82 11.9 0.002† 0.384
BBT 10.20 ± 16.80 9.00 ± 21.00 0.920 11.40 ± 18.60 9.60 ± 22.20 3.7 0.036* 0.161
MAL (AOU) 10.44 ± 16.38 18.9 ± 22.96 0.460 12.18 ± 14.70 20.72 ± 22.54 0.02 0.460 0.001
MAL (QOM) 10.50 ± 13.44 15.26 ± 22.40 0.580 10.36 ± 13.86 21.28 ± 22.12 0.5 0.246 0.031
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD
  2. iTBS intermittent theta burst stimulation, MAS-UE Modified Ashworth Scale Upper Extremity, FMA-UE Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper Extremity, ARAT Action Research Arm Test, BBT Box and Block test, MAL(AOU) Motor Activity Log (Amount of Use), MAL (QOM) Motor Activity Log (Quality of Movement)
  3. *p < 0.05; †p < 0.01