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Table 3 Neurologic deterioration during hospitalization and outcome

From: Predictive factors of neurologic deterioration in patients with spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage: a retrospective analysis

  No neurologic deteriorated
N = 128
Neurologic deteriorated
N = 27
OR P-Value
(1) Age (y), Median (range) 66.5 (18–87) 63 (20–86)   .288
(2) Male 70 14 1.099 .834
(3) Underlying diseases
 Hypertension 105 17 2.175 .038
 Diabetes mellitus 37 7 1.133 .819
 End-stage renal failure 6 4 .397 .073
 Liver cirrhosis 5 4 .354 .050
 Atrial fibrillation 8 2 .862 .686
 Coronary artery disease 5 0 .820 .588
 Valvular heart disease 8 3 .615 .409
 Old cerebral vascular accidents 22 4 .806 .568
 Alcoholism 12 4 .662 .483
 Smoking 13 6 .489 .104
(4) Clinical feature at presentation     
 Headache 46 14 .586 .134
 Nausea, vomiting 77 13 1.491 .287
 Unsteady gait 19 1 3.852 .202
 Loss of consciousness 29 12 .450 .029
 Limbs weakness 5 0 .820 .588
 Pupil had light reflex 111 19 1.955 .240
(5) Laboratory data at presentation, Median (IQR)
 Heart rate, per minutes 81 (70, 95) 89 (84, 107)   .010
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 164 (142, 193) 170 (143, 219)   .439
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 88 (77, 101) 90 (69, 101)   .839
 WBC (X103/mL) 9.6 (7.2, 13.1) 11 (7.9, 13.8)   .237
 Platelet counts (X103/mL) 197 (152, 230) 146 (81, 233)   .070
 Partial thromboplastin time, seconds 10.3 (10.0, 11.0) 10.7 (9.8, 12.7)   .581
 International normalized ratio 1.0 (0.95, 1.07) 1.02 (0.91, 1.24)   .978
 Blood sugar, mmol/L 153 (128, 197) 151 (133, 246)   .655
(6) Brain Imagies Findings at presentation
 CH volume (mm3) 5.8 (1.9, 12.2) 20.2 (11.5, 35.1)   .000
 Obliteration of basal cistern 60 24 .154 .000
 Intraventricular hemorrhage 99 25 .331 .108
 Hydrocephalus 48 21 .235 .000
(7) Median (IQR) GCS at presentation 15 (12, 15) 7 (5, 14)   .000
(8) Surgical intervention
 Extraventricular drainage (EVD) 4 2 (2a)   
 Suboccipital craniectomy 6 6 (1a)   
 Suboccipital craniectomy + EVD 17 15 (6a)   
 Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunt 19 6   
(9) ICH score, Median (IQR) 2 (2, 3) 3 (2, 4)   .000
(10) Outcome at discharged
 Good 113 1 .014 .000
 Mortality 4 22 .046 .000
  1. GCS Glasgow coma score, OR odds ratio, SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, ICU intensive care unit,
  2. CH cerebellar hemorrhage
  3. (a): emergent surgery while conscious deteriorated during hospitalization
  4. Numerical variables were analyzed by Mann—Whitney U-test and Categorical variables were analyzed by chi-squared test and Fisher’s exact test