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Table 1 General characteristics, diagnostic work-up, lesion location and TOAST classification of acute symptomatic infarction (n = 452)

From: Small obliquely oriented cortical cerebellar infarctions are associated with cardioembolic stroke

General characteristics
 Median age 72 (IQR 61–81)
 Sex 61% men (n = 276)
 Arterial hypertension 55% (n = 249)
 Smoking 36% (n = 163)
 Diabetes 23% (n = 104)
 Hypercholesterolemia 38% (n = 172)
 Brain infarction history 18% (n = 81)
 AF history 12% (n = 54)
Diagnostic work-up
Cardiac
Standard ECG 100% (n = 452)
Prolonged (≥24 h) ECG 91% (n = 411)
 -In hospital monitoring only 20% (n = 90)
 -Holter monitoring only 16% (n = 72)
 -Both in-hospital and Holter monitoring 55% (n = 249)
Echocardiography 71% (n = 321)
Vessel imaging
 -Duplex or CTA or gadolinium-enhanced MRA 100% (n = 452)
 -Duplex only 8% (n = 36)
 -CTA only 10% (n = 45)
 -Gadolinium-enhanced MRA only 26% (n = 118)
Two vessel imaging modalities 42% (n = 190)
Three vessel imaging modalities 14% (n = 63)
Location acute symptomatic infarction
 -anterior circulation 66% (n = 298)
 -posterior circulation 22% (n = 99)
 -mixed anterior-posterior circulation 12% (n = 54)
 -multiterritorial 15% (n = 68)
TOAST classification
Cardioembolism 26% (n = 119)
 -AF 83% (n = 98)
  -known AF 45% (n = 53)
  -newly discovered 38% (n = 45)
 -other than AF cardioembolic cause 17% (n = 20)
Large-artery atherosclerosis 17% (n = 76)
Small vessel disease 10% (n = 46)
Stroke of undetermined etiology 41% (n = 187)
Stroke of other determined etiology 5% (n = 24)