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Table 2 Association of CI, SCCI, non-SCCI presence with baseline characteristics, vertebrobasilar stenosis/occlusion, infarction location, and stroke subtypes

From: Small obliquely oriented cortical cerebellar infarctions are associated with cardioembolic stroke

  CI presence (n = 154) vs. CI absence (n = 298)   SCCI presence (n = 104) vs. SCCI absence (n = 348)   Non-SCCI presence (n = 99) vs. Non-SCCI absence (n = 353)  
Age (median) 75.5 vs. 70 p < 0.001* 78 vs. 71 p < 0.001* 74 vs. 71 p = 0.20
AF history 18% (n = 28) vs. 8% (n = 24) p = 0.005* 18% (n = 19) vs. 9% (n = 31) p = 0.021* 20% (n = 20) vs. 9% (n = 32) p = 0.004*
Infarction history 23% (n = 35) vs. 15% (n = 45) p = 0.051 24% (n = 25) vs. 19% (n = 66) p = 0.056 23% (n = 23) vs. 16% (n = 56) p = 0.036*
Vertebrobasilar stenosis/occlusion 22% (n = 34) vs. 11% (n = 33) p = 0.003* 20% (n = 21) vs. 13% (n = 45) p = 0.086 25% (n = 25) vs. 12% (n = 42) p = 0.002*
Additional acute posterior infarction 57% (n = 88) vs. 22% (n = 66) p < 0.001* 51% (n = 53) vs. 29% (n = 101) p < 0.001* 64% (n = 63) vs. 26% (n = 92) p < 0.001*
Multiterritorial infarction 25% (n = 39) vs. 10% (n = 30) p < 0.001* 25% (n = 26) vs. 12% (n = 42) p = 0.003* 26% (n = 26) vs. 12% (n = 42) p < 0.001*
CE 39% (n = 60) vs. 20% (n = 60) p < 0.001* 44% (n = 46) vs. 21% (n = 73) p < 0.001* 42% (n = 42) vs. 22% (n = 78) p < 0.001*
Newly discovered CE cause 17% (n = 26) vs. 11% (n = 33) p = 0.10 25% (n = 26) vs. 11% (n = 40) p = 0.001* 20% (n = 20) vs. 13% (n = 46) p = 0.078
LAA 8% (n = 12) vs. 21% (n = 63) p < 0.001* 6% (n = 6) vs. 20% (n = 70) p < 0.001* 8% (n = 8) vs. 19% (n = 67) p = 0.009*
OD 8% (n = 12) vs. 4% (n = 12) p = 0.12 6% (n = 6) vs. 5% (n = 17) p = 0.81 11% (n = 11) vs. 4% (n = 14) p = 0.009*
SVD 8% (n = 12) vs. 11% (n = 33) p = 0.25 6% (n = 6) vs. 12% (n = 42) p = 0.10 10% (n = 10) vs. 10% (n = 35) p = 1
UDE 37% (n = 57) vs. 44% (n = 131) p = 0.19 38% (n = 40) vs. 42% (n = 146) p = 0.50 29% (n = 29) vs. 45% (n = 159) p = 0.006*
CE > LAA   p < 0.001*   p < 0.001*   p < 0.001*
CE > SVD   p = 0.005*   p = 0.001*   p < 0.001*
CE > UDE   p < 0.001*   p = 0.002*   p < 0.001*
UDE > LAA   p = 0.014*   p = 0.011*   p = 0.33
OD > UDE   p = 0.066   p = 0.79   p = 0.001*
  1. CI cerebellar infarction, SCCI small cortical cerebellar infarction, AF atrial fibrillation, CE cardioembolic stroke subtype, LAA large large-artery atherosclerosis stroke subtype, OD other determined stroke subtype, SVD small vessel disease stroke subtype, UDE stroke of undetermined etiology; * is marked when p < 0.05
  2. The first seven variables (from age to CE) represent the set of candidate variables for the multivariate model, whereas the other variables (below CE) were used for complementary analyses