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Table 2 Outcome and discharge conditions of stroke among adult patients admitted to Stroke unit of JUMC from March 10–July 10, 2017

From: Burden, clinical outcomes and predictors of time to in hospital mortality among adult patients admitted to stroke unit of Jimma university medical center: a prospective cohort study

Outcome and discharge conditions Total patients (n = 116) Ischemic stroke (n = 60) Hemorrhagic stroke (n = 56) P value (OR)
vital status of the patient during discharge (n = 116) Improved 67 (57.8%) 42 (70%) 25 (44.6%)
Dead 25 (21.6%) 7 (11.7%) 18 (32.1%) 0.010
LAMA on self and family request 16 (13.8%) 8 (13.3%) 8 (14.3%) 0.350
Not improved/ the same condition/static 4 (3.4%) 2 (3.3%) 2 (3.6%) 0.615
Referred to higher facility 3 (2.6%) 1 (1.7%) 2 (3.6%) 0.332
Worsened / residual motor deficit 1(0.9%) 0 (0%) 1(1.8%)
NIHSS at discharge (N = 91) Mean + SD 10.32 + 5.80 9.75 + 5.32 11.10 + 6.40 0.275
NIHSS 0–6 (mild) 23 (25.3%) 15 (28.3%) 8 (21.1%)
NIHSS 7–12 (moderate) 43 (47.3%) 24 (45.3%) 19 (50.0%) 0.460
NIHSS 13–20 (severe) 19 (20.9%) 12 (22.6%) 7 (18.4%) 0.890
NIHSS ≥21 (very severe) 6 (6.6%) 2 (3.8%) 4 (10.5%) 0.173
GSC at discharge (N = 91) Median 15.0 15.0 15.0 0.571
Poor GCS (≤8) 1 (1.1%) 0 (0%) 1 (2.6%)
Moderate GCS (9–12) 8 (8.8%) 5 (9.4%) 3 (7.9%) 0.828
Good GCS (13–15) 82 (90.1%) 48 (90.6%) 34 (89.5%) 1.000
mRS at discharge (n = 116) Mean + SD 3.97 + 1.5 3.63 + 1.38 4.34 + 1.55 0.013
mRS: 0–2 (mild disability) 20 (17.2%) 13 (21.7%) 7 (12.5%)
mRS: 3 (moderate disability) 27 (23.3%) 19 (31.7%) 8 (14.3%) 0.696
mRS: 4–5 (severe disability) 44 (37.9%) 21 (35.0%) 23 (41.1%) 0.203
mRS: 6 (death) 25 (21.6%) 7 (11.7%) 18 (32.1%) 0.016
Length of hospital stay (days) (n = 116) Mean + SD (days) 9.21 + 6.82 9.88 + 7.47 8.49 + 6.03 0.276
< 3 days 17 (14.7%) 6 (10.0%) 11 (19.6%)
3.01–7 days 32 (27.6%) 18 (30.0%) 14 (25.0%) 0.167
7.01–14 days 45 (38.8%) 25 (41.7%) 20 (35.7%) 0.160
> 14 days 22 (19.0%) 11 (18.3%) 11 (19.6%) 0.360
  1. *GCS Glasgow coma scale, LAMA Left against medical advice, mRS Modified Rankin score, NIHSS National institute of health stroke scale, OD Odds ratio, SD Standard deviation