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Table 4 Predictors of in hospital mortality among adult stroke patients admitted to stroke unit of JUMC from March 10–July 10, 2017

From: Burden, clinical outcomes and predictors of time to in hospital mortality among adult patients admitted to stroke unit of Jimma university medical center: a prospective cohort study

Variables Dead alive CHR 95%CI P value AHR 95%CI P value
GCS of the patient on hospital arrival ≤8 10 7 18.44 (5.06–67.24) < 0.001   
9–12 12 21 8.53 (2.41–30.22) 0.01   
13–15 3 63 1.00    
NIHSS at hospital arrival > 13 24 49 15.06 (2.04–111.37) 0.008 22.58(2.95–172.56) 0.003*
< 13 1 42 1.00    
Urine/ bladder incontinence Yes 16 28 2.56 (1.13–5.80) 0.024 3.48 (1.48–8.17) 0.004*
No 9 63 1.00    
Comatose presentation Yes 7 4 6.21 (2.56–15.07) < 0.001   
No 18 87 1.00    
Ways of stroke diagnosis Clinically 17 38 3.37 (1.43–7.94) 0.005 4.96 (1.96–12.54) 0.001*
Imaging 8 53 1.00    
Type of the stroke Hemorrhagic 18 38 3.05 (1.27–7.31) 0.012   
Ischemic 7 53 1.00    
Brain edema complication Yes 18 17 6.93 (2.90–16.63) < 0.001 6.27 (2.50–15.76) < 0.001*
No 7 74 1.00    
Swallowing difficulty Yes 6 7 3.02 (1.19–7.64) 0.02   
No 19 84 1.00    
Aspiration pneumonia complication Yes 11 12 3.50 (1.60–7.72) 0.002   
No 14 79 1.00    
Previous history of medication No 16 39 2.29 (1.01–5.20) 0.047   
Yes 9 52 1.00    
  1. AHR Adjusted hazard ratio, CHR Crudes hazard ratio, GCS Glasgow coma scale, NIHSS National institute of health stroke
  2. *Statistically significant at p < 0.05