Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Demographic, clinical and laboratory data of MOH patients and healthy individuals

From: Exploration of candidate serum biomarkers potentially related to the chronic pain condition in Medication–overuse headache

  MOH patients (n = 69) Controls (n = 42)
Age, years 50.2 ± 9.2 47.0 ± 13.8
Sex, female 90% 88%
BMI, kg/m2 23.7 ± 4.5 23.7 ± 3.8
Coffee 84% 88%
Alcohol 22%* 76%
Cigarettes 9% 12%
SBP, mmHg 125.9 ± 12.4 122.1 ± 13.0
DBP, mmHg 79.3 ± 8.2 76.8 ± 8.5
DDI 1.8 ± 2.1
CHR 12.1 ± 10.3
ZUNG-D 44.3 ± 9.5** 32.3 ± 7.7
LDQ 12.1 ± 7.4
Creatinine, mg/dl 0.76 ± 0.12 0.79 ± 0.12
eGFR >  60 ml/min >  60 ml/min
Urea nitrogen, mg/dl 29.4 ± 7.4 29.6 ± 8.5
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD, or in percentage
  2. BMI Body Mass Index; SBP systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure; DDI daily drug doses; CHR years of chronification; ZUNG-D Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale; LDQ Leeds Dependence Questionnaire; eGFR estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (CKD-EPI Formula)
  3. Statistical significance was evaluated using χ2 test (*p < 0.01) or independent t test (**p < 0.01). Coffee, alcohol and cigarettes users are expressed as a percentage of occasional and daily users