Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics and responses to stroke among residents recognizing stroke by demographic, and socio-economic variables

From: Barriers from calling ambulance after recognizing stroke differed in adults younger or older than 75 years old in China

 40–74 age group Responses to stroke, N (%)75–99 age group Responses to stroke, N (%)
VariablesSelf-observation at homeWait for familyCall EMSSelf-observation at homeWait for familyCall EMS
Sex
 Male1858 (3.1)19,424 (32.2)38,988 (64.7)313 (3.2)3237 (33.4)6141 (63.4)
 Female2054 (2.8)22,647 (31.3)47,688 (65.9)425 (3.8)3720 (32.9)7156 (63.3)
Site
 Urban2301 (3.4)15,835 (23.2)50,155 (73.4)360 (3.4)2909 (27.3)7401 (69.3)
 Rural1611 (2.5)26,236 (40.8)36,521 (56.7)378 (3.7)4048 (39.2)5896 (57.1)
Regions
 North + Northeast143 (1.4)3075 (30.1)6991 (68.5)16 (1.7)291 (31.0)633 (67.3)
 East1136 (2.7)12,447 (30.1)27,800 (67.2)193 (3.5)1796 (32.2)3585 (64.2)
 Central1797 (4.4)12,645 (30.6)26,842 (65.0)354 (4.9)2346 (32.2)4582 (62.9)
 South429 (3.2)5108 (37.6)8039 (59.2)72 (2.1)1019 (29.3)2382 (68.6)
 Southwest254 (1.7)3712 (25.3)10,698 (73.0)64 (3.0)687 (31.9)1404 (65.1)
 Northwest153 (1.3)5084 (44.1)6306 (54.6)39 (2.5)818 (52.2)711 (45.3)
Education
  ≤ Primary1286 (2.5)21,065 (40.9)29,192 (56.6)426 (3.1)4802 (34.9)8527 (62.0)
 Middle/High school2361 (3.3)19,060 (26.5)50,583 (70.2)288 (4.6)1842 (29.4)4144 (66.0)
  ≥ College265 (2.9)1945 (21.4)6900 (75.7)24 (2.5)312 (32.5)624 (65.0)
Annual Incomea, US $
  < 731911 (2.8)14,958 (46.5)16,314 (50.7)253 (3.1)3252 (40.2)4588 (56.7)
 731–29231322 (2.9)15,076 (32.7)29,705 (64.4)229 (3.7)2013 (32.1)4019 (64.2)
  > 29231679 (3.1)12,001 (22.1)40,653 (74.8)256 (3.8)1688 (25.5)4685 (70.7)
Living Statusb
 Alone87 (3.0)772 (26.3)2075 (70.7)38 (2.7)424 (29.8)960 (67.5)
 With spouse3501 (2.9)38,976 (31.8)79,941 (65.3)569 (3.5)5414 (33.5)10,175 (63.0)
 With others317 (4.6)2241 (32.6)4326 (62.8)128 (3.8)1104 (33.0)2111 (63.2)
Children number
 029 (2.6)300 (26.9)785 (70.5)3 (2.7)36 (32.1)73 (65.2)
 11376 (3.3)8712 (20.8)31,818 (75.9)115 (6.6)541 (30.9)1096 (62.5)
 2–31887 (2.4)28,847 (36.4)48,514 (61.2)388 (3.1)3969 (31.8)8110 (65.1)
  ≥ 4619 (6.1)4176 (41.0)5383 (52.9)232 (3.5)2407 (36.3)3999 (60.2)
Stroke in others c
 No2787 (2.6)34,582 (32.4)69,340 (65.0)513 (3.1)5545 (33.0)10,729 (63.9)
 Yes1125 (4.3)7488 (28.9)17,336 (66.8)225 (5.3)1412 (33.6)2568 (61.1)
Avenuesd
 11790 (2.9)24,059 (38.9)35,987 (58.2)355 (3.6)3942 (39.8)5605 (56.6)
 2–32034 (3.2)16,518 (26.3)44,341 (70.5)374 (3.6)2817 (27.1)7203 (69.3)
 4–688 (1.1)1471 (18.6)6346 (80.3)9 (1.3)194 (28.0)489 (70.7)
Family history of stroke
 No3127 (2.7)36,348 (31.3)76,533 (66.0)562 (3.1)5975 (33.0)11,595 (63.9)
 Yes183 (2.0)2501 (26.5)6739 (71.5)23 (2.3)340 (34.4)625 (63.3)
 Unknown600 (8.5)3159 (44.4)3350 (47.1)153 (8.2)636 (34.2)1072 (57.6)
History of CVDe
 No3839 (3.0)40,812 (31.8)83,761 (65.2)714 (3.6)6563 (33.1)12,533 (63.3)
 Yes71 (1.7)1229 (29.4)2875 (68.9)24 (2.1)391 (33.3)758 (64.6)
  1. aPersonal annual income
  2. bWith spouse includes living with spouse or both spouse and children; With others includes living with children, living in nursing home, and with other people. Those with other type of living status were classified as missing data
  3. cRelatives or colleagues who have suffered an acute stroke
  4. dNumber of avenues taken to learn about acute stroke
  5. eCVD denotes cerebral vascular disease, including ischemic stroke, transient ischemic anemia, cerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage