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Table 3 Performance of the articulatory organs in patients from groups I and II measured with the FDA test in relation to the severity of vocal impairment assessed by means of the VHI scale

From: Comparative assessment and monitoring of deterioration of articulatory organs using subjective and objective tools among patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

VHI Group I (n = 40) Group II (n = 23) p valuea
FDA
Cough a 17 (42.5%) 2 (8,6%) p = 0.00001
b 14 (35%) 2 (8,6%)
c 8 (20%) 6 (26%)
d 1 (2.5) 9 (39,1%)
e 0 (0%) 4 (17,3%)
Swallowing a 22 (55.0%) 2 (8.6%) p = 0.00009
b 12 (30%) 5 (21.7%)
c 6 (15.0%) 10 (43.4%)
d 0 (0%) 5 (21.7%)
e 0 (0%) 1 (4.3%)
Saliva control a 20 (50.0%) 2 (8.6%) p = 0.00012
b 14 (35.0%) 5 (21.7%)
c 6 (15%) 10 (43.4%)
d 0 (0%) 5 (21.7%)
e 0 (0%) 1 (4.3%)
Breathing a 20 (50.0%) 4 (17.3%) p = 0.00204
b 15 (37.5%) 7 (30.4%)
c 5 (12.5%) 8 (34.7%)
d 0 (0%) 3 (13.0%)
e 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Lip movements a 11 (27.5%) 1 (4.3%) p = 0.00036
b 20 (50.0%) 7 (30.4%)
c 9 (22.5%) 8 (34.7%)
d 0 (0%) 7 (30.4%)
e 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Soft palate a 12 (30.0%) 0 (0%) p = 0.00004
b 20 (50.0%) 5 (21.7%)
c 7 (17.5%) 8 (34.7%)
d 1 (2.5%) 9 (39.1%)
e 0 (0%) 1 (4.3%)
Length of phonation a 11 (27.5%) 1 (4.3%) p = 0.00171
b 14 (35.0%) 6 (26.0%)
c 14 (35.0%) 8 (34.7%)
d 1 (2.5%) 8 (34.7%)
e 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Pitch a 12 (30.0%) 0 (0%) p = 0.00009
b 21 (52.5%) 8 (34.7%)
c 6 (15.0%) 4 (17.3%)
d 1 (2.5%) 9 (39.1%)
e 0 (%) 2 (8.6%)
Voice volume a 12 (30.0%) 1 (4.3%) p = 0.00317
b 20 (50.0%) 8 (34.7%)
c 6 (15.0%) 7 (30.4%)
d 2 (5.0%) 5 (21.7%)
e 0 (0%) 2 (8.6%)
Tongue movement a 14 (35.0%) 0 (0%) p < 0.00001
b 19 (45.7%) 3 (13.0%)
c 7 (17.5%) 13 (56.5%)
d 0 (0%) 5 (21.7%)
e 0 (0%) 2 (8.6%)
Words a 38 (95%) 5 (21.7%) p < 0.00001
b 2 (5.0%) 9 (39.1%)
c 0 (0%) 4 (17.3%)
d 0 (0%) 4 (17.3%)
e 0 (0%) 1 (4.3%)
Sentence a 33 (82.5%) 2 (8.6%) p < 0.00001
b 5 (12.5%) 8 (34.7%)
c 2 (5%) 8 (34.7%)
d 0 (0%) 2 (8.6%)
e 0 (0%) 3 (13.0%)
Spontaneous speech a 27 (67.5%) 2 (8.6%) p < 0.00001
b 9 (22.5%) 1 (4.3%)
c 3 (7.5%) 9 (39.1%)
d 1 (2.5%) 7 (30.4%)
e 0 (0%) 4 (17.3%)
  1. a Fisher’s exact test
  2. Abbreviations: n group size; p statistical significance