Skip to main content

Table 2 Differences in baseline characteristics between stroke patients with and without change in the oral diet. Statistically significant p-levels are printed in bold

From: Adjustment of oral diet based on flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) in acute stroke patients: a cross-sectional hospital-based registry study

  Total cohort (n = 152) No change in oral diet (n = 47) Change in oral diet (n = 105) P
Sex
 Male 94 (61.8%) 30 (63.8%) 64 (61%) 0.857
Age median (IQR) 73 (61.25–81) 75 (65–79) 72 (61–81.5) 0.657
Stroke entity
 ischemic stroke 125 (82.2%) 38 (80.9%) 87 (82.9%)  
 primary haemorrhage 27 (17.8%) 9 (19.1%) 18 (17.1%)  
Stroke severity on admission
 NIHSS on admission; median (IQR) 10 (5–15.5) 11 (5.5–17.5) 9 (5–14) 0.237
 mRS on admission; median (IQR) 4 (3–5) 5 (4–5) 4 (3–5) 0.087
Stroke severity at discharge
 NIHSS at discharge; median (IQR) 6 (3–11) 8 (3–13.5) 6 (3–10) 0.172
 mRS at discharge; median (IQR) 4 (3–5) 4.5 (3–5) 4 (3–4) 0.006
Time from admission to first FEES 6 (3–11) 6 (3–13) 6 (2–10) 0.297
Length of stay in hospital in days (median, IQR) 17 (12–27.75) 22 (13–30) 16 (11–25) 0.027
Intensive care unit 61 22 (46.8%) 31 (29.5%) 0.044
 Necessity for intubation & mechanical ventilation lasting longer than 24 h 31 (20.4%) 15 (31.9%) 16 (15.2%) 0.028
Pneumonia 62 (40.8%) 27 (57.4%) 35 (33.3%) 0.007
Death 8 (5.3%) 6 (12.8%) 2 (1.9%) 0.011
PEG procedure 34 (22.4%) 13 (27.7%) 21 (20%) 0.3
  1. IQR: Interquartile range
  2. NIHSS: National Institute of Health Stroke Scale
  3. mRS: Modified Rankin-Scale
  4. PEG: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrotomy tube