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Table 2 Comparison of baseline characteristics between patients in the rt-PA and no rt-PA groups

From: Capsular warning syndrome: clinical analysis and treatment

 rt-PA group (27)no rt-PA group (45)P*
Age, year, (mean SD)64.69 ± 7.1167.24 ± 8.270.179
NIHSS score at onset, median (IQR)7 (4–8)8 (6–9)0.088
Mean number of episodes, n (%)4.74 ± 2.315.76 ± 2.440.142
Mean duration, minutes (mean SD)24.4 ± 11.6423.91 ± 11.080.926
ABCD2 score, median (IQR)5 (4–5)5 (4–5)0.967
Systolic pressure, mmHg (mean SD)165.15 ± 19.00169.31 ± 24.810.340
Glucose, mmol/l (mean SD)5.72 ± 0.996.10 ± 1.100.124
Men, n (%)18 (66.67)26 (57.78)0.789
BMI ≥ 24 kg/m, n (%)7 (25.93)9 (20.00)0.558
Hypertension, n (%)20 (74.07)32 (71.11)0.786
Currently smokers, n (%)8 (29.63)18 (40.00)0.375
Diabetes, n (%)11 (40.74)16 (35.57)0.660
Hyperlipidemia, n (%)17 (62.96)30 (66.67)0.749
Currently alcohol drinkers, n (%)9 (33.3315 (33.33)1.00
Family history of stroke, n (%)7 (25.93)9 (20.00)0.558
Medications use
 Antiplatelet, n (%)8 (29.63)14 (31.11)0.895
 Antihypertensive, n (%)12 (44.44)19 (42.22)0.854
 Lipid-lowering medications, n (%)11 (40.74)25 (55.56)0.224
  1. *The comparison between the rt-PA and no rt-PA groups. Continuous variables were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD). Categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. Continuous variables were compared using Student t-test. Categorical variables were compared using chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. The distributions of continuous variables were determined using the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, while Mann–Whitney two-sample test was applied in case of non-normal distributions