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Table 2 Calendar-year analysis of classified medical costs PPPM for MS patients (values in 2016 were adjusted)

From: Recent transition of medical cost and relapse rate of multiple sclerosis in Japan based on analysis of a health insurance claims database

PPPM200820092010201120122013201420152016
Total¥87,640¥88,839¥90,931¥80,813¥77,539¥87,358¥96,332¥100,937¥102,846
Inpatient
 Total¥43,581¥48,008¥43,561¥37,393¥34,983¥31,847¥29,508¥30,235¥30,993
 Medical procedure¥31,606¥35,608¥35,326¥30,854¥27,042¥24,896¥22,092¥22,920¥24,037
 Imaging (CT, MRI)¥1310¥1107¥918¥916¥829¥804¥739¥663¥661
 Labo test¥3315¥2726¥1804¥1704¥2060¥1723¥1655¥1612¥1712
 Prescription drug (DMT)¥901¥597¥529¥937¥987¥1227¥1089¥1160¥946
 Prescription drug (relapse treatment)¥350¥531¥278¥320¥270¥249¥198¥142¥132
 Prescription drug (others)¥6098¥7437¥4708¥2662¥3795¥2948¥3735¥3739¥3505
Outpatient
 Total¥44,059¥40,831¥47,370¥43,420¥42,556¥55,512¥66,824¥70,701¥71,854
 Medical procedure¥5756¥5608¥7434¥6620¥5718¥4999¥4668¥4134¥4322
 Imaging (CT, MRI)¥1369¥1423¥1319¥1232¥1483¥1944¥1837¥1695¥1606
 Labo test¥1754¥2420¥2116¥2217¥2252¥2543¥2608¥2633¥2591
 Prescription drug (DMT)¥23,039¥19,792¥25,630¥24,050¥24,593¥37,210¥47,353¥50,866¥51,351
 Prescription drug (relapse treatment)¥190¥134¥214¥224¥108¥115¥106¥86¥58
 Prescription drug (others)¥11,951¥11,454¥10,657¥9077¥8402¥8701¥10,252¥11,288¥11,926
Trend of total medical cost (ratio to 2008)1.001.011.040.920.881.001.101.151.17
Trend of inpatient cost (ratio to 2008)1.001.101.000.860.800.730.680.690.71
Trend of outpatient DMT cost (ratio to 2008)1.000.861.111.041.071.622.062.212.23