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Table 1 Demographic, neurologic and psychiatric comparison between MS and HC groups

From: Cognitive mediated eye movements during the SDMT reveal the challenges with processing speed faced by people with MS

 MS (n = 33);
Mean (SD), n (%)
HC (n = 25);
mean (SD), n (%)
t-test/x2p-valueCohen’s d
Demographic
 Age41.42 (9.89)38.52 (12.73)t = − 0.941p = 0.3510.254
 Gender (% female)22 (70%)13 (57%)X2 = 1.192p = 0.3970.143
 Years of education14.71 (2.13)15.56 (1.12)t = 1.750p = 0.0860.490
 Premorbid IQ104.59 (8.28)104.06 (7.07)t = − 0.220p = 0.8270.069
Neurologic
 EDSS, median (range)2.00 (0–6)    
Neuropsychological testing
 SDMT41.06 (10.37)46.35 (6.72)t = 2.267p = 0.0380.610
Psychiatric
 HADS – Depression5.25 (3.69)2.04 (1.94)t = −3.751p < 0.0011.09
 HADS - Anxiety8.64 (4.21)3.57 (3.44)t = − 4.643p < 0.0011.32
  1. Abbreviations: MS Multiple Sclerosis, HC Healthy Controls, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, SDMT Symbol Digit Modalities Test