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Table 5 TOAST etiological classification of ischemic stroke according to selected studies

From: Ischemic stroke in Morocco: a systematic review

StudiesSample sizeAtherosclerosis of large arteries (%)Cardio-embolic Stroke (%)Occlusion of small vessels (Lacunar) (%)Other determinate causes of stroke (%)Undetermined causes of stroke (%)
Chraa, M., 2010 [30]35232,128,47,3811,6520,45
Mbagui., 2009 [29]93YIS25,8121,512,1521,5129,03
Chtaou, N et al., 2016 [23]5232500018
Chtaou, N., 2012 [25]504428226
Yonmadji, N., 2016 [32]118457,821,4105,255,55
Diakite, B et al., 2015 [37]17039,427,16,527,1
Belkouch et al., 2015 [16]1341,3272209,7
Hadi, A et al., 2018 [26]23016323418
Diakite, B et al., 2016 [38]17539,426,96,327,4
Rachdi, L., 2012 [27]403943,92,514,6
Ibouajbane., 2014 [31]40YIS12,5152,51555
Chraa, M et al., 2014 [22]128YIS11,7233,5914,0640,62
Diakite, B et al., 2014 [39]16556,3632,124,846,66
Bendriss, L et al., 2012 [17]11028183914,5
Chraa, M et al., 2017 [20]44228,4
Saraya, T., 2013 [35]24218,625,617,820,317,8
They TP et al., 2011 [40]9146,28,826,412,16,6
Azdad, O., 2012 [33]130053,830,7113,8
Rachdi, L et al., 2015 [28]439212416534
Rhissassi et al., 2010 [34]34252,127,6
Allaoui, A et al., 2018 [43]25YIS47224
  1. YIS: Ischemic stroke of young adult (15–45 years)