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Table 1 Summary of patient characteristics in published reports of infarct of the conus medullaris

From: Clinical, neuroimaging, and nerve conduction characteristics of spontaneous Conus Medullaris infarction

StudyPatient Age (yrs/sex)Cause of InfarctDiseases, habits, medical historyPrognosisNCV and EMG findings
Konno et al. [6]77/FNANANANA
Combarroso et al. [7]69/FNAHypertensionWalk with walker and normal in sphincter after 2 monthsAbsence of peroneal F waves from day 5 to month 9, spontaneous activity at anterior tibialis muscle from week 4 to month 12
Alanazy et al. [8]48/MPossible hyperextension postureNAWalk on walker on day 105Absence of F waves on lower limbs on day 4 and slightly prolonged on day 56
Lamin et al. [10]9/FNANAAmbulation independentlyNA
Herrick et al. [11]NAAtheromatous emboli from aortic dissecting aneurysmNANANA
Anderson et al. [12]54/MAortic manipulation following MI post CABGHeart failure, MIPartial recovery and die of MI 7 weeks laterNA
75/MAortic aneurysm operationSmokingPartial recovery after 16 monthsNA
66/MAbdominal aorta calcificationSmokingPartial recovery after 2 monthsNA
51/M SmokingPartial recovery after 28 monthsNA
47/FNANoStationary in 2 yearsNA
Wildgruber et al. [13]44/FProthrombin mutationOCP usePartial recovery in sphincter and ambulation after 2 weeksNA
Mhiri et al. [14]28/MDural arteriovenous fistulaNAStationaryNA
Diehn et al. [15]24/MPossible fibrocartilaginous emboliNAStationaryNA
Wong et al. [16]79/FDiffuse aortic atheroma, microvascular injury following CABGPost CABG history, renal insufficiencyPartially recovery at dischargeNA
Andrews et al. [17]71/FNANoWalk without assistance and neurogenic bladder after 2 monthsDecreased recruitment in gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, gastrocnemius, anterior tibialis and anal sphincter
Herkes et al. [18]53/FNANAWalk with assistance after 6 monthsNA
Our study55/MProlonged lateral lyingDyslipidemiaNormal in ADL and asymmetric calf atrophy and neurogenic bladder in 39 monthsPersistent active denervation in both S1 innervating muscles
 34/FProlonged sitting on a toiletNoNormal in ADL, asymmetric calf atrophy and neurogenic bladder in 51 monthsPersistent active denervation in both S1 innervating muscles
  1. NCV Nerve conduction studies, EMG Electromyogram, NA Not available, CABG Coronary artery bypass graft, OCP Oral contraceptive pill, ADL Daily activity of living