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Table 4 Comparison of prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms in terms of individual and clinical characteristics based on the International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS)

From: The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms based on individual and clinical parameters in patients with multiple sclerosis

Age group (year) [n (%)]No symptomsMild (1–7)Moderate(8–19)Severe (20–35)P
18–3044 (23.4)87 (46.3)46 (24.5)11 (5.8)<  0.001*
30–4033 (13.4)111 (44.9)83 (33.6)20 (8.1)
40–5017 (10.2)62 (37.1)68 (40.7)20 (12.0)
Age (year) [Mean (SD)]32.63 (7.48)34.50 (7.87)37.51 (7.98)37.60 (8.33)<  0.001**
BMI (kg/m2)23.69(3.88)24.22(4.25)24.31(4.51)23.93(4.16)0.670**
Sex n (%)
 Female72 (15.2)210 (44.3)160 (33.8)32 (6.7)0.024*
 Male22 (17.1)50 (39.2)37 (28.9)19 (14.8)
Marital status [n (%)]
 Single31 (20.8)61 (40.9)44 (29.6)13 (8.7)0.051*
 Married60 (14.5)187 (45.1)137 (33)31 (7.4)
 Divorced and widowed3 (7.9)12 (31.6)16 (42.1)7 (18.4)
Duration of marriage (year)12.34(8.09)13.57(8.24)18.33(8.76)15.65(10.01)<  0.001**
Education level [n (%)]
 Secondary school or below12 (8.3)47 (32.4)70 (48.3)16 (11)<  0.001*
 High school29 (13.6)110 (51.6)60 (28.2)14 (6.6)
 University53 (21.7)103 (42.2)67 (27.5)21 (8.6)
Disease duration (year) [n (%)]
  < 545 (19.5)115 (49.8)62 (26.8)9 (3.9)<  0.001*
 5–1034 (16.1)91 (43.2)71 (33.6)15 (7.1)
  > 1015 (9.4)54 (33.8)64 (40.0)27 (16.8)
EDSS (Expanded Disability Status Scale) [n (%)]
 1–385 (19.5)212 (49.2)112 (26.0)23 (5.3)<  0.001*
 3.5–6.57 (4.6)43 (28.5)76 (50.5)25 (14.6)
  ≤ 73 (15)5 (25)9 (45)3 (15)
Course disease [n (%)]
 Relapsing remitting79 (17.3)215 (46.9)132 (28.8)32 (7.0)<  0.001*
 Progressive6 (5.2)31 (26.7)60 (51.7)19 (16.4)
 CIS9 (32.1)14 (50.0)5 (17.9)0 (0.0)
Anxiety [Mean (SD)]10.59(8.36)13.28(9.07)15.34(9.24)15.37(8.10)<  0.001**
Depression [Mean (SD])11.00(8.78)13.70(9.30)17.25(10.09)16.35(8.44)<  0.001**
Stress [Mean (SD)]17.72(10.43)19.63(10.25)21.97(9.78)20.82(8.04)0.005**
  1. EDSS Expanded Disability Status Scale; CIS: Clinically isolated syndrome; Values are means ± SD; *P-value resulted from Chi-Square and **P-value resulted from ANOVA Tests