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Table 5 Multivariable logistic regression analysis of patients with multiple sclerosis and urinary problems

From: The prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms based on individual and clinical parameters in patients with multiple sclerosis

CharacteristicUnadjusted odds ratio (95% CI)PAdjusted odds ratio (95% CI)P*
Age (year)0.938 (0.907 to 0.969)<  0.0010.916 (0.766–1.097)0.342
Marital status1.400 (0.845 to 2.320)0.0043.049 (0.379–24.545)0.295
Gender
 Female0.819 (0.463 to 1.449)0.4920.499 (0.198–1.259)0.141
 MaleRef
Marriage duration (year)0.947 (.912 to 0.983)0.0051.014 (0.937–1.097)0.724
Educational status
 Secondary school degree or below0.338 (0.159 to 0.718)0.0050.573 (0.199–1.649)0.301
 High school degree0.678 (0.396 to 1.161)0.1570.748 (0.353–1.586)0.449
 University degreeRef
Age at onset of disease (year)0.979 (0.948 to 1.011)0.1871.058 (0.902–1.242)0.486
Disease duration (year)0.922 (0.876 to 0.972)0.0021.063 (0.894–1.263)0.489
EDSS0.647 (0.545 to 0.768)<  0.0010.677 (0. 507–0.903)0.008
Course of the disease
 RRMS0.496 (0.203 to 1.214)0.1250.358 (0.118–1.090)0.071
 Progressive0.053 (0.010 to 0.271)<  0.0010.000 (0.000-)0.996
 CISRef   
Anxiety0.950 (0.923 to 0.979)0.0010.974 (0.913 to 1.039)0.429
Depression0.934 (0.906 to 0.962)<  0.0010.945 (0.886 to 1.007)0.080
Stress0.965 (0.941 to 0.990)0.0061.031 (0.972 to 1.093)0.307
  1. EDSS Expanded Disability Status Scale, RRMS Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, CIS Clinically isolated syndrome
  2. OR adjusted based on individual variables (age, sex, marital status, duration of marriage, educational status, and occupation) and clinical variables (age at onset of disease, disease duration, EDSS, course of the disease, anxiety, depression, and stress)