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Table 3 Initial symptoms, magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalogram of nineteen patients with anti-GABA-B receptor encephalitis

From: Clinical characteristics and prognostic analysis of anti-gamma-aminobutyric acid-B (GABA-B) receptor encephalitis in Northeast China

Case No.Initial symptomsMagnetic resonance imagingElectroencephalogram
Favorable-prognosis group
 1SeizuresAbnormal signals in the right temporal lobeFocal seizures followed by non-convulsive status epilepticus
 2Seizures, psychiatric abnormalitiesAbnormal signals in the bilateral hippocampus and frontal lobesFocal seizures originating from the temporal area
 3Seizures, psychiatric abnormalitiesNormalNon-convulsive status epilepticus manifesting as periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges
 4Seizures, psychiatric abnormalitiesNot availableNormal
 5Seizures, psychiatric abnormalitiesLeukoaraiosisFocal seizures originating from the left temporal area
 6Seizures, cognitive impairmentNormalNormal
 7SeizuresNormalSharp and sharp-slow waves originating from the right frontal-temporal area
 8psychiatric abnormalities, cognitive impairmentAbnormal signals in the left temporal lobeIrregular slow waves originating from the frontal-temporal area
 9SeizuresNormalNon-convulsive status epilepticus originating from the frontal midline area
 10Memory impairmentLeukoaraiosis and multiple lacunar infarctionsScattered slow waves
 11SeizuresNormalFocal seizures originating from the right frontal area
Poor-prognosis group
 12SeizuresAbnormal signals in the right temporal lobeFocal seizures originating from the left temporal-occipital area
 13 (primary)SeizuresAbnormal signals in the left thalamus, insula, temporal lobe, hippocampus, and bilateral frontal-parietal lobesFocal status epilepticus originating from the left temporal area
 13 (recurrence)SeizuresAbnormal signals in the right hippocampus and temporal lobeFocal status epilepticus originating from the right temporal area
 14Diarrhea, seizuresWhite matter demyelination and multiple lacunar infarctionsSlow waves originating from the frontal midline area
 15SeizuresAbnormal signals in the left temporal lobeFocal seizures originating from the frontal area
 16SeizuresAbnormal signals in the right hippocampusFocal status epilepticus originating from the right temporal area
 17SeizuresAbnormal signals in the bilateral hippocampusFocal seizures originating from the left temporal area
 18SeizuresAbnormal signals in the bilateral hippocampus and insulaNon-convulsive status epilepticus originating from the frontal area
 19Seizures, confusionAbnormal signals in the left hippocampusFocal status epilepticus originating from the left temporal area