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Table 4 Comparisons of CSVD markers in patients with different ArI level

From: Non breathing-related sleep fragmentation and imaging markers in patients with atherosclerotic cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD): a cross-sectional case-control study

GroupsnCSVD burdenLacuna presenceCMB presenceWMH presencePWMH severityDWMH severityPVS severityPVS presence
Higher ArI531.7 ± 0.715 (28.3%)18 (34.0%)27 (50.9%)1.9 ± 0.91.4 ± 1.02.4 ± 1.128 (52.8%)
Lower ArI311.5 ± 0.78 (25.8%)7 (22.6%)15 (48.4%)1.3 ± 1.01.6 ± 1.11.6 ± 0.915 (48.4%)
t/χ2 0.123a0.061b1.212b0.051b2.172a0.723a2.426a0.155b
P 0.9110.8050.2710.8210.0430.4750.0260.694
  1. Abbreviations: CSVD cerebral small vessel disease; CMB cerebral microbleed; WMH white matter hyperintensities; PWMH periventricular WMH DWMH deep WMH PVS, perivascular space
  2. at value, b χ2 value