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Table 1 Demographics of infants with NE

From: Cytokine dysregulation persists in childhood post Neonatal Encephalopathy

VariablesNE 0/1 (n = 13)NE- II/III (n = 24)p- value (95% CI)
GA (wks)a39.7 (1.43)40.5 (1.21)0.06 (−1.4-0.03)
BW (kgs)a3.48 (0.7)3.61 (0.61)0.31 (−4.7–0.13)
Gender, male, n (%)b9 (76%)14 (58%)0.70
Mode of delivery n (%)b
LSCS7 (53)11 (45)0.70
SVD3 (23)7 (29)0.73
Inst3 (23)6 (25)0.73
Apgar @1 minc5 (3–6)2 (1–5)0.003
Apgar@5 minsc7 (5–8)4 (2–7)0.01
Apgar@10 minsc7.5 (6–9)5 (3–7)0.01
TH, n (%)b0 (0)15 (62)< 0.001
Seizures, n (%)b0 (0)17 (70)< 0.001
MRI- Abnormal, n (%)b0/013 (50)< 0.001
ASQ -GM56 (4)48 (9)0.03
  1. GA gestational age, BW birth weight, SVD spontaneous vaginal delivery, inst. instrumental delivery, TH therapeutic hypothermia, ASQ ages and stages questionnaire, GM gross motor skill score. a For normally distributed data, mean ± SD is expressed, and the independent Student-t test was used for comparison, where p < 0.05 is significant with 95% confidence intervals (CI). b For binary variables, the χ2 test was used for comparison. c For skewed data, medians and IQRs are expressed and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison