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Table 4 Respiratory impairment and diaphragmatic dysfunction

From: Incidence and predictive factors of diaphragmatic dysfunction in acute stroke

 Normal breathing* (n = 60)Forced breathing** (n = 52)
DysfunctionNo dysfunctionDysfunctionNo dysfunction
No respiratory impairment8 (30%)19 (70%)1 (4%)25 (96%)
Respiratory impairment
- Dyspnoea (n = 21, 35%)
- Orthopnoea (n = 7, 11%)
- Respiratory infection (n = 14, 23%)
- DE (n = 22, 36%)
23 (70%)10 (30%)5 (19%)21 (81%)
  1. The table shows the association between diaphragmatic dysfunction and respiratory impairment. The last file shows the incidence of appearance of each symptom during the 6 months of follow-up *p = 0.002. **p = 0.191
  2. DE Difficulty expectorating