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Table 5 Respiratory impairment and characteristics of the patients

From: Incidence and predictive factors of diaphragmatic dysfunction in acute stroke

 Disorder n (%)No disorder n (%)p
Female sex12 (38.7)19 (61.3)0.011
Hypertension21 (55.3)17 (44.7)0.957
Dyslipidaemia16 (57.1)15 (46.9)0.755
Diabetes12 (66.7)6 (33.3)0.234
Smoking7 (35)13 (65)0.028
Poor performance status13 (54.2)11 (45.8)0.916
Previous severe dyspnoea3 (100)0 (0)0.245
COPD3 (75)1 (25)0.620
SAHS1 (16.7)5 (83.3)0.081
Previous severe hemiparesis1 (100)0 (0)1
Cardioembolic origin19 (45.2)23 (54.8)0.025
Sensory aphasia5 (100)0 (0)0.058
Reperfusion treatment15 (60)10 (40)0.511
Hemiparesis, severe12 (100)0 (0)<  0.001
Age, mean ± SD69.5 ± 10.569.1 ± 8.80.872
NIHSS, median [25%:75%]9 [3.5:18.5]4 [2:6]0.001
TF basal breathing %, mean ± SD21.1 ± 17.234.3 ± 18.80.006
TF forced inspiration %, mean ± SD37.9 ± 2157.9 ± 25.30.003
  1. The table shows the association between respiratory impairment and the demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients. The statistically significant results are shown in bold
  2. COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, IQ Interquartile range, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, SAHS Sleep Apnoea Hypopnea Syndrome, SD Standard desviation, TF Thickening fraction