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Table 1 Description of the study population, total as well as stratified for levels of hospitals

From: Two years’ experience of implementing a comprehensive telemedical stroke network comprising in mainly rural region: the Transregional Network for Stroke Intervention with Telemedicine (TRANSIT-Stroke)

  totallevel-I-hospitalslevel-II/III-hospitalsp-value of levels
n = 7881n = 927n = 6954
age       <.0001
 yearsmean (SD)74.6(12.8)76.42(12.2)74.36(12.9) 
sex       0.0029
 malen(%)4070(51.6)436(47.0)3634(52.3) 
 femalen(%)3811(48.4)491(53.0)3320(47.7) 
diagnosis       <.0001
 transient ischaemic attackTIAn(%)1938(24.6)334(36.0)1604(23.1) 
 ischaemic strokeISn(%)5409(68.6)527(56.9)4882(70.2) 
 haemorrhagic strokeHSn(%)504(6.4)44(4.8)460(6.6) 
 undefined strokeUSn(%)30(0.4)22(2.4)8(0.1) 
treatment
#lyse ivn(%)1113(20.6)50(9.5)1063(21.8)<.0001
#lyse ian(%)68(1.3)1(0.2)67(1.4)0.0206
#thrombectomyn(%)226(4.2)2(0.4)224(4.6)<.0001
 ventilationn(%)378(4.8)25(2.7)353(5.1)0.0014
diagnostics
 dysphagia screeningn(%)6895(87.5)396(42.7)6499(93.5)<.0001
 long-term ECGn(%)7206(91.4)844(91.1)6362(91.5)0.6134
 extracranialn(%)7457(94.6)780(84.1)6677(96.0)<.0001
  < 48 hn(%)7003(88.9)583(62.9)6420(92.3) 
  > = 48 hn(%)454(5.8)197(21.3)257(3.7) 
 intracranialn(%)7223(91.7)571(61.6)6652(95.7)<.0001
  < 48 hn(%)6939(88.1)548(59.1)6391(91.9) 
  > = 48 hn(%)284(3.6)23(2.5)261(3.8) 
NIHSS – at admission       0.0290
 median (IQR)3(1–7)3(1–6)3(1–7) 
 0n(%)1343(17.1)168(18.1)1175(16.9) 
 1–4n(%)3643(46.2)406(43.8)3237(46.6) 
 5–15n(%)2227(28.3)289(31.2)1938(27.89) 
 16–20n(%)371(4.7)29(3.1)342(4.9) 
 21–42n(%)294(3.7)35(3.8)259(3.7) 
mRS – at admission
 median (IQR)3(1–4)3(1–4)3(1–4) 
 0–1n(%)2191(27.8)267(28.8)1924(27.7)0.4751
 2–6n(%)5686(72.2)660(71.2)5026(72.3) 
 0–2n(%)3809(48.4)454(49.0)3355(48.3)0.6880
 3–6n(%)4068(51.6)473(51.0)3595(51.7) 
mRS – at discharge
 median (IQR)2(0–3)2(0–3)2(0–3) 
 0–1n(%)3616(45.9)453(48.9)3163(45.5)0.0550
 2–6n(%)4259(54.0)474(51.1)3785(54.5) 
 0–2n(%)5170(65.7)670(72.3)4500(64.8)<.0001
 3–6n(%)2705(34.4)257(27.7)2448(35.2) 
Barthel Index – at admission      0.0003
 mean (SD)62.50(35.1)60.81(34.3)62.72(35.2) 
 median (IQR)75.00(37.5–100)52.50(37.5–100)75.00(37.5–100) 
Barthel Index – at discharge      <.0001
 mean (SD)73.28(32.7)75.07(29.8)73.05(33.1) 
 median (IQR)87.50(50.5–100)87.50(62.5–100)87.50(50–100) 
Comorbidities
 diabetesn(%)2038(25.9)255(27.5)1783(25.6)0.2243
 hyper tonusn(%)6798(86.3)805(86.8)5993(86.2)0.5983
 atrial fibrillationn(%)2301(29.2)263(28.4)2038(29.3)0.8371
 previous stroken(%)2269(28.8)238(25.7)2031(29.2)0.0253
onset-to-door-time      <.0001
 < =1 hn(%)892(11.3)63(6.8)829(11.9) 
 1-2 hn(%)1436(18.2)144(15.5)1292(18.6) 
 2-3 hn(%)780(9.9)94(10.1)686(9.9) 
 3-3.5 hn(%)257(3.3)48(5.2)209(3.0) 
 3.5-4 hn(%)238(3.0)34(3.7)204(2.9) 
 4-6 hn(%)562(7.1)77(8.3)485(7.0) 
 6-24 hn(%)1383(17.6)189(20.4)1194(17.2) 
 24-48 hn(%)564(7.12)85(9.2)479(6.9) 
 > 48 hn(%)812(10.3)58(6.3)754(10.9) 
 unknownn(%)953(12.1)135(14.6)818(11.8) 
#door-to-needle-time      <.0001
 < =30 minn(%)619(11.5)4(0.8)615(12.6) 
 30-60 minn(%)409(7.6)29(5.5)380(7.8) 
 > 60 minn(%)147(2.7)17(3.2)130(2.7) 
 no lysis appliedn(%)4232(78.3)477(90.5)3755(77.0) 
length of stay      0.1129
 daysmean (SD)8.5(6.3)8.8(6.4)8.4(6.3) 
secondary prevention       
 anticoagulationn(%)1999(25.4)244(26.3)1755(25.2)0.4836
  VitKAntn(%)923(11.7)130(14.0)793(11.4) 
  NOAKn(%)1076(13.7)114(12.3)962(13.8) 
 statinsn(%)5827(73.9)763(82.3)5064(72.8)<.0001
 IPA within 48 hn(%)6053(76.8)770(83.1)5283(76.0)<.0001
 IPA at dischargen(%)5534(70.2)673(72.6)4861(69.9)0.0281
in-hospital mortality      0.4158
 n(%)423(5.4)55(5.9)568(5.3) 
reason of discharge      <.0001
 end of treatment as scheduledn(%)4938(62.9)729(78.6)4209(60.6) 
 end of treatment due to other reasonn(%)123(1.6)14(1.5)109(1.6) 
 transfer to other hospitaln(%)477(6.1)46(5.0)431(6.2) 
 transfer to acute rehabilitationn(%)1358(17.2)68(7.3)1290(18.6) 
 transfer to skilled nursing facilityn(%)455(5.8)13(1.4)442(6.4) 
 transfer to other departmentn(%)107(1.4)2(0.2)105(1.5) 
 deathn(%)420(5.3)55(5.9)365(5.3) 
  1. # as basis only ischaemic stroke is taken, i.e. 5409 = 527 + 4882