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Table 2 Patient Characteristics

From: Spinal cerebrospinal fluid leak in the context of pars interarticularis fracture

Patient # (Age Gender)Age of onsetInciting eventOrthostatic headache (Worse upright)MRI head (with and without gadolinium)MRI spineCT myelogramPrevious treatmenta (# of patches)
1 (35 M)32Post-hikingYesDiffuse pachymeningeal enhancementCentral disc protrusion at T7/8, T11/12Bilateral L5 PI #4
Diffuse epidural fluid collection in the whole spine
Epidural fluid collection extending from L1-L5
2 (52F)50NoneYesDiffuse pachymeningeal enhancementSevere grade 3 L4/5 spondylolisthesisBilateral L4 PI #3
L4/5 anterolisthesis
Subdural collectionsMildly prominent perineural spaces at bilateral C7-T1, right T7/8, T8/9, bilateral T9/10
Small left S2 perineural cyst
3 (38F)34NoneYesNormalMild degenerative changes in the C and L spineBilateral L5 PI #4
Multi-disc degeneration from C3-C6
Small amount of contrast seen in multiple perineural sleeves throughout the spine
4 (49F)39NoneYesNormalC3/4, C4/5, C6/7 disc bulgesBilateral L3 PI #2
Grade 1 L3/4 anterolisthesis
L3/4 anterolisthesisNerve root sleeve opacification at the left C6/7, C7/T1, L5/S1 and right T12/L1
S1 Tarlov cyst
5 (38F)34NoneYesNormalPrior discectomy at C5/6S1 PI # (right)3
Bilateral nerve root sleeves at C5/6, C6/7, C7/T1, T7/8, T9/10, T10/11 and all L levels
6 (49 M)45FallYesNormalNormalBilateral L5 PI #7
Calcified osteophyte on left L5/S1 facet join
  1. C Cervical T Thoracic L Lumbar S Sacral PI #: Pars Interarticularis fracture
  2. aAll patients received conservative treatment plus a combination of the following: blind epidural blood patches, targeted blood patches and/or fibrin sealant