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Table 4 The overall costs incurred by pwmsunder study

From: Economic costs incurred by the patients with multiple sclerosis at different levels of the disease: a cross-sectional study in Northwest Iran

Cost type Category Cost amount (IRRa) Cost amount (USDb) Cost amount (EUROc)
Mean SDd Mean SD Mean SD
Medical Direct Costs Physician visit 2,519,500 1,745,300 59.97 41.55 51.12 35.41
Diagnosis 4,727,000 5,804,350 112.54 138.19 95.92 117.78
Rehabilitation 9,481,830 99,625,340 225.75 2372.03 192.40 2021.61
Medicine 50,757,550 61,977,004 1208.51 1475.64 1029.988 1257.65
Hospitalization 2,010,200 4,062,930 47.86 96.73 40.79 82.44
Home care (medical) 328,660 4,866,630 7.82 115.87 6.66 98.75
Complementary/alternative therapies 163,330 1,267,360 3.88 30.17 3.31 25.71
Informal paid 118,400 629,500 2.81 14.98 2.40 12.77
Subtotal 70,106,490 121,767,380 1669.20 2899.22 1422.61 2470.92
Direct Non-Medical Costs Home care (non-medical) 2,812,010 24,696,900 66.95 588.02 57.06 501.15
Walking aids devices 5,354,330 58,966,640 127.48 1403.96 108.65 1196.56
Modification of home, care and … 216,660 2,657,050 5.15 63.26 4.39 53.91
Travel to healthcare centers 13,818,730 13,110,770 329.01 312.16 280.41 266.04
Subtotal 22,201,750 73,513,150 528.61 1750.31 450.52 1491.74
Indirect Costs Patients’ absence cost 4,398,870 22,167,790 104.73 528.80 89.26 449.83
Relatives’ absence cost 2,618,160 8,388,760 62.33 199.73 53.12 170.22
Subtotal 5,213,500 18,987,350 124.13 452.07 105.79 385.29
Total 97,521,740 145,680,370 2321.94 3468.58 1978.93 2956.17
  1. aThe Iranian Rial
  2. bUnited States Dollar
  3. cThe EUROope Currency
  4. dStandard deviation