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Table 5 Comparison of Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA), and International HIV dementia scale (IHDS) cognitive domains by presence or absence of HAND

From: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders at Moi teaching and referral hospital, Eldoret, Kenya

Domains N HAND (N = 292) No HAND (N = 68) P-value
   Mean (SD)  
MoCA
 Executive   2.0 (1.8) 4.3 (1.0) < 0.001
 Naming   2.7 (0.5) 3.0 (0.0) < 0.001
 Attention   4.0 (1.6) 5.8 (0.5) < 0.001
 Language   1.1 (0.6) 1.8 (0.7) < 0.001
 Abstraction   1.0 (0.6) 1.5 (0.6) < 0.001
 Memory   2.4 (1.8) 4.3 (1.0) < 0.001
 Orientation   5.9 (0.2) 6.0 (0.2) 0.415
 Total   19.8 (3.4) 27.0 (1.0) < 0.001
IHDS
 Motor speed   3.6 (0.6) 4.0 (0.2) < 0.001
 Psychomotor speed   3.0 (0.7) 3.7 (0.5) < 0.001
 Memory-recall   2.8 (1.1) 3.8 (0.6) < 0.001
 Total   9.4 (1.6) 11.5 (0.9) < 0.001
  1. IHDS International HIV Dementia, MoCA Montreal Cognitive Assessment