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Table 6 Association between socio-demographic characteristics and diagnosis of HAND

From: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders at Moi teaching and referral hospital, Eldoret, Kenya

Variable Presence of HAND P-value UOR (95% CI)
Yes (n = 292, 81.1%)
Mean (SD) or n (%)
No (n = 68, 18.9%)
Mean (SD) or n (%)
Age (Years) 41.9 (10.6) 33.0 (12.5) < 0.001 1.07 (1.05, 1.10)
Male vs. Female 95 (32.5%) 31 (45.6%) 0.042 0.58 (0.34, 0.98)
Married vs. Single/Widowed/separated/divorced 138 (47.6%) 23 (33.8%) 0.040 1.78 (1.02, 3.09)
Education
 Primary 150 (51.4%) 9 (13.2%) < 0.001 Reference
 Secondary 113 (38.7%) 42 (61.8%) 0.001 0.16 (0.08, 0.35)
 College 29 (9.9%) 17 (25.0%) 0.001 0.10 (0.04, 0.25)
Occupation
 Unemployed 153 (52.6%) 35 (51.5%) 0.869 Reference
 Self employed 71 (24.4%) 18 (26.5%) 0.722 0.90 (0.48, 1.70)
 Employed 67 (23.0%) 15 (22.1%) 0.864 1.02 (0.52, 2.00)
Income (Ksh.per Month)
 > 10,000 39 (13.6%) 8 (12.7%)   Reference
 ≤ 10,000 247 (86.4%) 55 (87.3%) 0.843 0.92 (0.41, 2.08)
  1. UOR Unadjusted Odds Ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval