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Table 8 Logistic regression model assessing the determinants of diagnosis of HAND

From: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders at Moi teaching and referral hospital, Eldoret, Kenya

Variable Unadjusted Estimates Adjusted Estimates
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Age (Years) 1.07 (1.05, 1.10) < 0.001 1.06 (1.03, 1.10) < 0.001
Male 0.58 (0.34, 0.98) 0.042 0.48 (0.24, 0.97) < 0.001
Education level
 Secondary vs. primary 0.16 (0.08, 0.35) 0.001 0.16 (0.07 0.38) < 0.001
 Tertiary vs. Primary 0.10 (0.04, 0.25) 0.001 0.11 (0.04, 0.35) < 0.001
Income ≤ Ksh/Month10000 0.92 (0.41, 2.08) 0.843 0.54 (0.19, 1.54) 0.252
Years on current HAART 1.16 (1.05, 1.28) 0.002 1.04 (0.90, 1.19) 0.627
On Second line regimen 0.41 (0.23, 0.74) 0.003 0.66 (0.30, 1.43) 0.288
WHO stage 3/4 vs. 1/2 1.49 (0.86, 2.57) 0.152 2.45 (1.20, 5.01) 0.014
Viral load < 1000 copies/ml 1.40 (0.70, 2.77) 0.340 0.70 (0.28, 1.73) 0.439
CPE score 1.30 (1.11, 1.53) < 0.001 1.13 (0.89, 1.42) 0.312
Sample Size    331  
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval