Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of Included Studies

From: Effect of rTMS on Parkinson’s cognitive function: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author/Year Subject Age Duration of disease Stimulation Parameters
Position Session Frequency Intensity
Boggio 2005 [30] 13 65.2 ± 1.65 6.7 ± 0.92 Left DLPFC 10 15 Hz 110% RMT
Cardoso 2007 [31] 11 67 ± 8.3 11 ± 7.6 Left DLPFC 12 5 Hz 120% RMT
Epstein 2007 [32] 14 62.0 / Left DLPFC 10 10 Hz 110% RMT
Benninger 2009 [33] 9 62.6 ± 9.6 / Left M1 1 50 Hz 60% RMT
Toshiaki 2009 [34] 6 66.8 ± 3.4 7.17 ± 3.1 Frontal region 12 0.2 Hz 120% RMT
Sedlkov 2009 [35] 10 63.7 ± 6.7 7.8 ± 6.5 Left PMd 1 10 Hz 100% RMT
DLPFC 1 10 Hz 100% RMT
OCO 1 10 Hz 100% RMT
Pal 2010 [36] 12 68.5 ± 7.9 6 Left DLPFC 10 5 Hz 90% RMT
Kimura 2011 [37] 12 69.2 ± 5.8 8.5 ± 4.4 SMA 4 0.2 Hz /
Srovnalova 2011 [18] 10 66 ± 6 5.4 ± 2.45 Left and right inferior frontal gyri 1 25 Hz 80% RMT
Srovnalova 2012 [38] 10 66.0 ± 6 5.4 ± 2.45 Left DLPFC 4 25 Hz 80% RMT
/ Right DLPFC 4 25 Hz 80% RMT
Chang 2017 [39] 16 63.8 ± 8.3 9.1 ± 5.3 M1-LL 5 10 Hz 90% RMT
Dagan 2017 [40] 7 74.6 ± 7.1 10.3 ± 3.8 mPFC 16 10 Hz 100% RMT
Buard 2018 [28] 22 / / Bilateral DLPFC 10 20 Hz /
Cohen 2018 [27] 21 64.4 ± 6.8 4.7 ± 3.4 M1 + PFC 24 1 Hz + 10 Hz 110% + 100% RMT
  1. Exp Experimental Group, Ctr Control Group, SMA Supplementary Motor Area, DLPFC Dorsal Lateral Prefrontal Cortex, PFC Prefrontal Cortex, M1 Primary Motor Cortex, mPFC Medial Prefrontal Cortex, PMd Dorsal Premotor Cortex, OCO Occipital Cortex, M1-LL Primary motor cortex of the lower leg; /: no report