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Table 2 Multivariable Results

From: Predictors of pediatric readmissions among patients with neurological conditions

Variable Levels Odds ratio p values
Index Visit is Planned Yes 0.898 (0.847, 0.952) <0.001
Length of Stay (days) <2 Reference -
2 - 4 1.228 (1.167, 1.293) <0.001
4 - 6 1.441 (1.361, 1.525) <0.001
7 or more 1.585 (1.492, 1.683) <0.001
Age - 0.993 (0.99, 0.997) <0.001
Race Caucasian Reference -
African American/Black 0.992 (0.946, 1.04) 0.729
Hispanic/Latino 1.126 (1.016, 1.247) 0.024
Native American 0.855 (0.696, 1.05) 0.136
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.1 (0.948, 1.276) 0.208
Other 0.978 (0.928, 1.031) 0.417
Sex Female Reference -
Male 1.017 (0.983, 1.052) 0.336
Payer Commercial Reference  
Governmental 1.028 (0.986, 1.073) 0.196
Self-Pay 0.805 (0.688, 0.943) 0.007
Others 1.031 (0.972, 1.092) 0.309
Previous ED Visits (prior 6 mo) 0 Reference -
1 1.106 (1.056, 1.159) <0.001
2 1.200 (1.123, 1.283) <0.001
3 or more 1.297 (1.209, 1.391) <0.001
Index Visit is a Readmission? No Reference -
Yes, Planned 1.338 (1.269, 1.411) <0.001
Yes, Unplanned 1.666 (1.516, 1.832) <0.001
Previous Hospitalizations (prior 6 mo) 0 Reference -
1 1.695 (1.613, 1.781) <0.001
2 2.348 (2.18, 2.528) <0.001
3 or more 3.014 (2.738, 3.317) <0.001
Previous Readmissions (prior 6 mo) 0 Reference -
1 1.179 (1.09, 1.274) <0.001
2 1.496 (1.338, 1.673) <0.001
3 or more 2.051 (1.831, 2.298) <0.001
Neurologic Risk Factors Malignant neoplasm of brain (C71) 1.953 (1.788, 2.133) <0.001
Polyneuropathies (G62) 1.5 (1.248, 1.803) <0.001
Congential Hydrocephalus (Q03) 1.318 (1.175, 1.478) <0.001
Other AA Metabolism Disorders (E72) 1.313 (1.095, 1.575) 0.003
Paralytic Strabismus (H49) 1.288 (1.124, 1.476) <0.001
Hydrocephalus (G91) 1.218 (1.131, 1.311) <0.001
Other Autosomal Trisomies (Q92) 1.214 (1.019, 1.448) 0.030
Neuromuscular Dysfunction of Bladder (N31) 1.155 (1.034, 1.29) 0.011
Microcephaly (Q02) 1.131 (1.005, 1.272) 0.041
Down Syndrome (Q90) 1.129 (1.036, 1.23) 0.005
Brain Disorders (G93) 1.078 (1.019, 1.14) 0.009
Other Neurological Conditions Convulsions (R56) 0.922 (0.874, 0.972) 0.003
Nervous & Msuculoskeletal System Symptoms (R29) 0.882 (0.781, 0.995) 0.041
Coginitive Function Symptoms (R41) 0.853 (0.776, 0.938) <0.001
Sleep Disorders (G47) 0.84 (0.791, 0.892) <0.001
Meningitis, Other Causes (G03) 0.829 (0.698, 0.985) 0.033
Nystagmus & Irregular Eye Movements (H55) 0.825 (0.686, 0.992) 0.040
Newborn Cerebral Distrubances (P91) 0.822 (0.705, 0.958) 0.012
Speech & Language Development Disorders (F80) 0.811 (0.725, 0.907) <0.001
Somnolence, Stupor, Coma (R40) 0.786 (0.694, 0.889) <0.001
Mental Disorders Due to Physiological Condition (F06) 0.768 (0.648, 0.91) 0.002
Bacterial Meningitis (G00) 0.622 (0.487, 0.796) <0.001
Newborn Muscle Tone Disorders (P94) 0.621 (0.567, 0.68) <0.001
Intracranial Injury (S06) 0.476 (0.418, 0.543) <0.001
Viral Meningitis (A87) 0.446 (0.353, 0.563) <0.001
Number of Medications - 1.014 (1.012, 1.016) <0.001
Free-standing pediatric hospital Yes 1.586 (1.103, 2.28) 0.013
Surgical procedures Cardiovascular 1.204 (1.109, 1.307) <0.001
Musculoskeletal 0.685 (0.6, 0.781) <0.001
Nervous System 1.119 (1.029, 1.216) 0.009
Number of Comorbid Diagnoses (by ICD-10-CM chapters) - 1.01 (1.006, 1.014) <0.001
Emergent Admission Yes 1.129 (1.079, 1.18) <0.001