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Table 1 Description of intervention and usual care groups

From: Feasibility and adherence to moderate intensity cardiovascular fitness training following stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial

  Progressive moderate-intensity CV training Low intensity ‘standard care’ exercise
Frequency 2/week Clinic-based supervised sessions
3/week home exercise program
2/week Clinic-based supervised sessions
3/week home exercise program
Training duration Target duration: 30 min
Commenced at 5 to 10 min.
Progressed each session (as tolerated) until 30 min.
(10 min bouts with rest breaks allowed as required)
Weeks 1–4: 10 min duration
Weeks 5–8: 20 min
Weeks 9–12: 30 min
(actual exercise time, not including rest breaks and set-up)
Training intensity Moderate intensity (40–59% HRR) calculated each session using Karvonen method:
Target Heart Rate = (Heart Rate Reserve x %intensity (VO2)) + Heart Rate rest
Intensity commenced at 40% HRR
IF target duration achieved, intensity progressed by
5% increments as tolerated.
BORG-RPE 11–13.
Low intensity < 40% HRR
BORG RPE < 11
40% HRR calculated each session using Karvonen formula
Program length 12 weeks 12 weeks
Training mode Upright stationary cycle ergometer; recumbent bike; treadmill; upper limb ergometer; stepper; cross-trainer; stairs. Upright stationary cycle ergometer (maximum 5 min per session), walking in rails or gym, standing balance, basic strengthening (slow squats, seated quadriceps extension) and bed-based exercises.
Delivery mode Face to face individual or small group session (maximum 3 participants) Face to face individual or small group session (maximum 3 participants)
Location Physiotherapy gym in a community rehabilitation service (outpatient) of tertiary metropolitan hospital Physiotherapy gym in a community rehabilitation service (outpatient) of tertiary metropolitan hospital
Home exercise program 3 sessions/week once safe to self-monitor
Parameters matched supervised sessions
3 sessions/week once safe to self-monitor
Parameters matched supervised sessions
  1. CV Cardiovascular, BORG-RPE Borg Rate of Perceived Exertion, VO2 Oxygen consumption