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Table 5 Change scores and effect sizes, mean (SD) unless otherwise specified

From: Feasibility and adherence to moderate intensity cardiovascular fitness training following stroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial

  Intervention (n = 10) Missing Control (n = 10) Missing Mean difference (95% CI) Effect size P
VO2 peak 2.56 (2.69) 2 2.98 (2.63) 1 −0.41 (−3.1, 2.3) − 0.168 (− 1.4, 1.0) 0.75
6MWT 42.5 (74.7) 0 26.1 (53.8) 1 16.39 (−47.3, 80.1) 0.264 (−27.7, 28.2) 0.59
10MWT Self 0.044 (0.21) 0 0.022 (0.20) 1 0.022 (−0.18, 0.22) 0.113 (0.0, 0.2) 0.82
10MWT Fast 0.10 (0.31) 0 0.11 (0.18) 1 −0.006 (− 0.26, 0.25) −0.041 (− 0.2, 0.1) 0.96
SF-36 PCSa 2.67 (6.41) 2 2.51 (11.18) 1 0.16 (−9.43, 9.75) 0.018 (−4.1, 4.2) 0.97
SF-36 MCSa 5.85 (9.31) 2 11.51 (14.86) 1 −5.67 (−18.70, 7.36) −0.479 (− 6.1, 5.1) 0.37
PHQ-9 −2.8 (7.4) 0 −4.3 (3.0) 1 1.53 (−4.0, 7.1) 0.275 (−2.2, 2.7) 0.57
  1. CI Confidence interval. p values are calculated using independent samples t-tests; except for the 10MWT analyses which were performed using the Mann Whitney U test. VO2 peak = GXT (mL/kg/min); 6MWT Six minute walk test (metres), 10MWT 10 m walk test (m/s), SF-36 Short Form 36, PCS Physical Component Summary Score, MCS Mental Component Summary Score, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire; total out of 27
  2. One participant in the control group was lost to follow-up [remaining text correct]