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Table 2 Meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of A2DS2 in different subgroups

From: Use of the A2DS2 scale to predict morbidity in stroke-associated pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Subgroups   Sensitivity (95 % CI) Specificity (95 % CI)
Study type retrospective 0.73(0.68, 0.76) 0.82(0.77, 0.85)
prospective 0.76(0.72, 7.09) 0.79(0.74, 0.83)
Ethnic Caucasian 0.75(0.65, 0.83) 0.75(0.53, 0.89)
Asian 0.76(0.71, 0.80) 0.79(0.75, 0.84)
Cut-off value <5 0.71(0.65, 0.77) 0.76(0.69, 0.83)
=5 0.79(0.73, 0.84) 0.76(0.68, 0.82)
>5 0.75(0.64, 0.83) 0.87(0.80, 0.91)