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Table 3 Patient characteristics presented for all patients undergoing complete early rehabilitative treatment (n = 180) and the two outcome groups

From: The influence of the CRS-R score on functional outcome in patients with severe brain injury receiving early rehabilitation

  Total
(n = 180)
Favorable outcome (n = 52) Unfavorable outcome (n = 128)
Age at event (years) 62 (51 to 75) 55 (44 to 69) 64 (53 to 78)**
Time since injury (days) 22 (12 to 28) 22 (16 to 25) 22 (11 to 29)
Male/Female (n) 119/61 35/17 84/44
Upon admission
 ERBI -140 (-185 to -90) -135 (-160 to -90) -140 (-185 to -90)
 CRS-R 7 (3 to 11) 9 (6 to 13) 6 (3 to 10)***
After four weeks
 ΔERBI 60 (5 to 105) 85 (30 to 160) 50 (5 to 105)*
 ΔCRS-R 7 (2 to 11) 11 (7 to 16) 5 (1 to 9)***
At discharge
 Length of early rehabilitative treatment (days) 98 (67 to 115) 64 (44 to 75) 112 (87 to 132)***
 Complications 1 (0 to 2) 1 (0 to 2) 1 (1 to 2)
 ΔERBI 115 (55 to 160) 170 (120 to 210) 90 (35 to 135)***
 ΔCRS-R 9 (4 to 14) 13 (10 to 17) 7 (2 to 12)***
  1. Note. Values are frequencies (gender) or medians and interquartile ranges (all other variables). ERBI Early Rehabilitation Index; CRS-R Coma Recovery Scale-Revised. Mann-Whitney U test (favorable vs. unfavorable outcome): *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001