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Table 2 The results after mechanical thrombectomy of cancer-related stroke and controls

From: Effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy in cancer-related stroke and associated factors with unfavorable outcome

  Cancer-related stroke Controls p value
n (%) or mean ± SD or median (IQR) n (%) or mean ± SD or median (IQR)
Total 34 (100%) 307 (100%)  
Time variable
 Onset-to-puncture time, min 327.5 (170.25–507.5) 330 (185–602.5) 0.751
 Puncture-to-reperfusion time, min 66.5 (42.5–90.5) 60 (41–90) 0.784
Radiological outcomes
 Reperfusion status    0.758
  mTICI 0, 1 2 (5.9%) 15 (4.9%)  
  mTICI 2a 5 (14.8%) 23 (7.5%)  
  mTICI 2b 14 (41.2%) 112 (36.5%)  
  mTICI 3 13 (38.2%) 157 (51.1%)  
 Successful recanalization 26 (76.5%) 269 (87.6%) 0.103
 Any cerebral hemorrhage 14 (41.2%) 73 (23.8%) 0.037
  HBC Class 1a 0 4  
  HBC Class 1b 2 21  
  HBC Class 1c 3 18  
  HBC Class 2 7 25  
  HBC Class 3a 0 0  
  HBC Class 3b 0 0  
  HBC Class 3c 2 5  
  HBC Class 3d 0 0  
Craniectomy 3 (21.4%) 18 (24.6%) 0.452
Clinical outcomes
 NIHSS score at discharge 13 (8–30) 5 (2–12.5) < 0.001
 mRS score at discharge 5 (3–5) 3 (1–5) 0.044
 mRS score at 3 months 4 (2–5.25) 3 (1–4) 0.026
 Mortality during the hospitalization 7 (20.6%) 18 (5.9%) 0.009
 Mortality at 3 months 9 (26.5%) 21 (6.8%) < 0.001
 Causes of death at 3 months    0.687
  Stroke 7 15  
  Sepsis 1 3  
  Progression of cancer 1 0  
  Others 0 3  
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, min minutes, mTICI modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction, HBC the Heidelberg Bleeding Classification, mRS modified Rankin Scale, NIHSS National institute of health stroke scale