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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the SSHL and comparison cohorts (N = 14,900)

From: Association of sudden sensorineural hearing loss with dementia: a nationwide cohort study

Variables Comparison cohort (N = 11,175) SSHL cohort (N = 3725) P value
N (%) N (%)
Age    0.823
 < 40 2731 (24.4) 918 (24.6)  
 40–59 4484 (40.1) 1508 (40.5)  
60 3960 (35.4) 1299 (34.9)  
                                                                               Mean (±SD)
Age (years) 52.1 (±16.4) 52.0 (±16.4) 0.726
Sex    0.977
 Female 5199 (46.5) 1734 (46.6)  
 Male 5976 (53.5) 1991 (53.4)  
Insurance range    0.640
< NT 15,840 3928 (35.1) 1339 (35.9)  
 NT 15,841-25,000 4193 (37.5) 1371 (36.8)  
> NT 25,001 3054 (27.3) 1015 (27.2)  
Comorbidities
 Diabetes 1613 (14.4) 569 (15.3) 0.209
 Hyperlipidemia 2358 (21.1) 801 (21.5) 0.603
 hypertension 3700 (33.1) 1230 (33.0) 0.920
 Depression 1001 (9.0) 323 (8.7) 0.595
 Ischemic heart disease 197 (1.8) 74 (2.0) 0.376
 Cerebral vascular disease 360 (3.2) 133 (3.6) 0.302
Charlson’s index score    0.723
1 8395 (75.1) 2793 (75.0)  
 2 1276 (11.4) 414 (11.1)  
3 1504 (13.5) 518 (13.9)  
Medications
 Anticoagulant agents 64 (0.6) 24 (0.6) 0.621
 Antiplatete agents 366 (3.3) 137 (3.7) 0.239
 Antidiabetic agents 1088 (9.7) 386 (10.4) 0.267
 Antihypertension agents 2730 (24.4) 935 (25.1) 0.410
 Statin 523 (4.7) 190 (5.1) 0.298