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Table 1 Clinical and psychiatric features of adolescents with chronic migraine

From: Negative effects of accompanying psychiatric disturbances on functionality among adolescents with chronic migraine

  Chronic Migraine Group (N = 50)
Number Percentage (%)
Gender Male 11 22
Female 39 78
Referral Season Winter 20 40
Spring 6 12
Summer 8 16
Autumn 16 32
Relationship Between Referral and School During school term 40 80
Not during school term 10 20
Headache Frequency <  25 days/month 32 64
≥ 25 days/month 18 36
Genetic Load for Headache In mother OR father 30 60
In mother AND father 7 14
None 13 26
Obesity Over-weight/ Obese (BMI ≥ 25) 13 26
Normal (BMI < 25) 37 74
Chronic Physical Illness At least one 8 16
None 42 84
Socio-economic Level Low 23 46
Moderate/ High 27 54
Sleep Pattern Regular 28 56
Irregular 22 44
Heating of the Household Central heating (Radiator) 30 60
Stove 20 40
History of Traumatic Head Injury Present 4 8
Not present 46 92
Dietary Habits Healthy/ Regular 27 54
Irregular 23 46
History of Psychiatric Referral At least one 14 28
None 36 72
Psychiatric Diagnosis During the Study At least one 29 58
None 21 42
Medications Atidepressants (Sertraline 25–100 mg/day or Fluoxetine 10–20 mg/day) 25 50
Propranolol (80 mg/day) 10 20
Flunirazin (5 mg/day) 5 10
Vitamin replacement 10 20
History of Cranial CT During Emergency Department Referral At least one 9 18
None 41 82
History of SXR During Emergency Department Referral At least one 23 46
None 27 54
  1. BMI Body-mass Index, CT Computerized Tomography, SXR Sinus X-ray