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Table 1 Baseline demographic characteristics for hemorrhagic MMD patients with and without surgery

From: Recurrent hemorrhage risk associated with medial target medullary artery anastomosis from the periventricular collateral vessel in adult patients with moyamoya disease

Characteristic Patients Without Surgery (n = 68) Patients With Surgery (n = 389) p Value
Women 43 (63.2) 260 (66.8) 0.562
Mean age ± SD, yrs 45.0 ± 8.1 45.4 ± 7.4 0.699
Smokers 8 (11.8) 35 (9.0) 0.471
Concurrent disease
 Hypertension 24 (35.3) 128 (32.9) 0.700
 Dyslipidemia 12 (17.6) 77 (19.8) 0.680
 Diabetes mellitus 9 (13.2) 78 (20.1) 0.187
History of stroke 8 (11.8) 35 (9.0) 0.471
  1. MMD moyamoya disease
  2. Values are numbers of patients (%) unless otherwise indicated
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