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Table 2 Complications

From: Decompressive craniectomy combined with mild hypothermia in patients with large hemispheric infarction: a randomized controlled trial

Complications DC (n = 9) DCSC (n = 14) DCEH (n = 11) P value
Recurrent infarction, n (%) 0 0 2 (18.2)  
Transtentorial herniation post DC, n (%) 2 (22.2) 0 2 (18.2)  
Intracranial hemorrhage post DC, n (%) 0 3 (21.4) 2 (18.2)  
Intracranial infection post DC, n (%) 0 0 1 (9.1)  
Hypotension, n (%) 3 (33.3) 0 4 (36.4)  
Pneumonia, n (%) 8 (88.9) 10 (71.4) 11 (100.0) 0.126
Urinary infection, n (%) 0 1 (7.1) 0  
Bacteremia, n (%) 0 0 1 (9.1)  
Lower extremity deep venous thrombosis, n (%) 2 (22.2) 3 (21.4) 6 (54.5) 0.160
Gastrointestinal bleeding (Hb < 7 g/L), n (%) 2 (22.2) 0 0  
Gastric retention, n (%) 2 (22.2) 5 (35.7) 9 (81.8) 0.016
Refractory hiccup, n (%) 0 2 (14.3) 1 (9.1)  
Acute liver injury, n (%) 0 2 (14.3) 2 (18.2)  
Stress hyperglycemia, n (%) 1 (11.1) 5 (35.7) 3 (27.3) 0.425
Hypoalbuminemia, n (%) 8 (88.9) 13 (92.9) 10 (90.9) 0.947
All casesa, n (%) 28 (12.0) 44 (12.1) 54 (18.9) 0.025
  1. There was no hemorrhagic transformation, severe arrhythmia resulting hemodynamic disorder, heart failure (NYHA level IV), pulmonary embolism, catheter-related infection, sepsis, acute pancreatitis, acute kidney injury, platelet < 50 × 109/L, disseminated intravascular coagulation and severe electrolyte disorder
  2. aIncidence of complications = all cases of complications / (26 × number of patients)